Children should wear clothes in thin layers, drink enough water, ensure nutrition; Parents adhere to recommendations of doctors when the child has the flu, not arbitrarily taking medicine at home.
Doctor Phi Xuan Thi, Department of Pediatrics, Quang Ninh Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, said that the weather in the north is in the cold days, the body’s resistance is decreasing, especially children. However, many parents do not know how to dress their children warm enough, sometimes wearing too much makes the child too hot or improperly, making it difficult for the child to exercise or play outdoor games.
Doctor Cao Minh Thanh, Head of Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Hanoi Medical University Hospital, said that when the weather changes season is a favorable environment for viruses and bacteria that cause influenza to develop. The most common symptom is pain in the throat when swallowing; fever, hoarseness, cough, runny nose due to irritation in the upper respiratory tract. As a precaution, keeping warm is of utmost importance.
According to experts, the principle of keeping warm is to wear clothes in layers, many thin layers better than one thick layer. Meanwhile, the body will create many layers of heat retention and heat loss of heat into the environment. Children alone need to wear more than one layer of clothing than adults in the same weather conditions.
Normally, the innermost layer is the most important layer, creating the first layer of heat retention for the body. You should choose clothes that fit your child’s body, soft like wool, and avoid cotton or cotton.
The next layer of coating is insulation, which keeps warm. You can choose from natural or synthetic wool products. And the outer layer to keep the child safe and keep the inner layers away from wind and water. Should choose lightweight, durable and soft to help children move easily.
In addition, children need to be fully equipped with hats, gloves and socks to keep warm, especially the head, ears, hands and feet, which are often body feces in direct contact with the air.
Let children wear a wool hat that can cover their ears, and wear gloves suitable for the weather. If it rains or is wet, choose a pair of waterproof gloves. Store more children a few types of waterproof shoes and sandals to keep the socks dry.
Depending on weather conditions, the temperature to wear how many coats for children. Wearing all layers can lead to children sweating, making them cooler and uncomfortable dehydration.
“Children wear too thick and many layers easily lead to sweating, reducing body temperature or difficulty breathing”, Dr. Thanh emphasized.
Regularly check the back, or sweat in the child. If your child is active a lot, or playing outdoor games, we can remove one or more classes so that they don’t overheat during the activity. Always make spare bags for children hats, gloves and feet.
Add warm water regularly to children, eat energy snacks. Good nutrition includes foods high in starch, high in protein, fat from nuts, beans, eggs, fish, lean pork, chicken, beef, low-fat milk, and fresh fruits and vegetables. helps the body increase resistance.
When a child has the flu, sore throats need to comply with the doctor’s recommendations, not arbitrarily taking drugs leading to drug resistance and side effects.