During Tet, I have to drink a lot of alcohol invited by relatives and friends. Please ask the doctor after drinking how to reduce the toxicity in alcohol? (Minh Tung, 35 years old, Da Nang)
Moderate alcohol consumption can help promote socializing, but has almost no health benefits. The latest nutrition recommendations also state that alcohol should not be consumed or habitually increased.
Moderate drinking is defined as one unit of alcohol in women and two units of alcohol in men. One unit of alcohol is equivalent to 10 g of pure alcohol contained in a drinking solution, equivalent to 355 ml of beer or 148 ml of wine or 44 ml of spirits (40%).
Heavy drinking is defined as more than three units of alcohol per day or more than seven units of alcohol in men over 65 years of age, and more than four units of alcohol per day or more than 14 units of alcohol per week in men 65 years of age and younger.
Heavy drinking leads to the risk of cancer (breast cancer, mouth, throat, esophagus, liver…); pancreatitis; sudden death if there is comorbid cardiovascular disease, damage to the heart muscle (alcoholic cardiomyopathy) leading to heart failure, stroke, high blood pressure; liver failure; suicidal; serious accident…
Therefore, it is necessary to limit alcohol consumption as much as possible. To reduce toxicity, it is necessary to drink plenty of water. Alcohol dehydrates the body, so after drinking it, you should drink a lot of water to make up for the loss.
While drinking, you should eat a lot of fruits and vegetables to help provide water-soluble vitamins (vitamins that are easily lost in the process of dehydration due to alcohol). These vitamins are also necessary for the body’s ability to metabolize alcohol.
Eat foods rich in protein such as eggs, beans, meat, fish to support the metabolism of alcohol in the body, avoid processed foods.
Assoc. Dr. Dr. Lam Vinh Nien
Head of the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ho Chi Minh City University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital