Health

How should premenopausal women avoid pregnancy? – VnExpress


Using condoms, daily birth control pills or IUDs are safe methods of contraception for women U40.

Women in perimenopause still have the ability to produce estrogen, still have normal menstrual cycles. Therefore, women of this age can still get pregnant if no preventive measures are taken. However, pregnant women in their 40s are more likely to have complications during pregnancy, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.

According to medical experts, the birth control method that women used in their 20s or 30s may not be the best choice in their 40s and 50s; even pose a health risk. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of birth control solutions for women who are about to enter perimenopause.

Condom

The advantage that makes condoms recommended by medical professionals is their ability to prevent most sexually transmitted diseases. This is the only method capable of this. However, they reduce interest and decrease pleasure in men.

In addition, the age of 40 and beyond often produces less vaginal lubrication. Therefore, lubricating products should be considered. Avoid using oil-based lubricants because it is easy to cause condoms to separate, leading to the risk of pregnancy and infection.

If you haven’t reached menopause, you can still get pregnant after having sex. Photo: Freepik

Daily birth control pills

Oral contraceptives will inhibit ovulation, creating mucus in the cervix. However, women should choose drugs with low estrogen and low progestin properties to minimize side effects.

For women who smoke or have a history of breast cancer or blood clots, oral contraceptives may not be an appropriate choice. Follow Healthlineestrogen-containing birth control pills can carry risks in women over 40 with complications such as blood clots and an increased risk of bone fractures.

Contraceptive implant

Contraceptive implants are small plastic tubes that hold birth control pills. They are implanted under the skin of a woman’s hand. The stick will take effect after 24 hours and is effective for 3 to 5 years. The most common side effect of the IUD is some slight disturbance in the menstrual cycle.

Hormonal IUD

An IUD is placed in the uterus to prevent sperm from reaching an egg. There are 2 main types: the circular IUD (Nuvaring) made of flexible plastic, effective from 3 weeks to a year; A T-shaped intrauterine device (IUD) is effective for 3-10 years. According to WHO, the IUD is the ideal form of birth control for women over the age of 40. However, they bring the side effect of irregular bleeding completely without menstruation. This is not a sign of pregnancy but causes many women to worry.

Huyen My (Follow WebMD, Women’s Health Concern)

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