Health

How is monkeypox different from the flu?


Monkeypox has flu-like symptoms in the first three days, including high fever, muscle aches, fatigue, loss of appetite, etc., so it is necessary to rely on epidemiological factors to recognize.

Doctor Ngo Thanh Ha, Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases, said monkeypox is a disease caused by a virus. These symptoms are known as “fake flu”, making the illness difficult to recognize.

“We need to rely on epidemiological factors such as whether that person has returned from an epidemic area or has been in contact with someone who has been infected … to determine if he has monkeypox,” Mr. Ha said.

The World Health Organization (WHO) says the incubation period for monkeypox is usually 5 to 21 days. The infection process is divided into two phases. First is the stage of viral invasion, lasting 5 days, characterized by fever, severe headache, swollen lymph nodes (swollen lymph nodes), back pain, muscle pain, and weakness (lack of energy).

The difference between monkeypox and other diseases is the lymphadenopathy. The rest of the symptoms are similar to common chickenpox, measles or smallpox.

Stage Monday is a skin rash that usually manifests within one to three days of the patient developing a fever. The rash tends to be more concentrated on the face and extremities than on the trunk. The rash progresses sequentially, from burning (no rash) to pruritic papules (elevated rashes), then vesicles (internal fluid-filled lesions) and pustules (yellow fluid-filled lesions). .

Currently, there is no specific treatment for monkeypox, mainly symptomatic treatment. Therefore, doctor Ha believes that patients need to be isolated, cared for and treated as soon as possible. People should notify medical facilities or authorities about their disease status and epidemiological factors for timely treatment. Do not wait until the disease worsens or show signs of a rash before going to the doctor, reducing the effectiveness of treatment.

Before the increase in monkeypox cases, many people are worried, looking to buy vaccines that are said to be able to prevent diseases such as smallpox, chickenpox… According to Dr. Ha, people should wait for more recommendations. reports from the Ministry of Health and WHO to decide whether to vaccinate or not.

The doctor explained that monkeypox has a limited ability to spread through the air. A person will become ill when exposed to a large amount of pathogens, such as the saliva of an infected person, blood, surfaces containing the virus that causes disease. Therefore, Mr. Ha recommends that people should not be too worried about the disease, seek to buy disease prevention methods that have not been recommended by the authorities, or be too subjective, do not take preventive measures when meeting people returning from epidemic areas. . Some simple preventive measures that are recommended are frequent hand hygiene and wearing a mask.

“Vietnam has not yet recorded monkeypox cases, so we strongly recommend that people traveling from epidemic areas report immediately to the authorities when symptoms appear to be isolated immediately, increasing the ability to control the disease. disease,” said the doctor.

Test tubes labeled “positive for monkeypox virus”, May 23. Image: Reuters

Monkeypox is breaking out in some European countries such as France, Spain… As of May 30, the world has recorded more than 200 infections, 117 suspected cases in 19 countries, no deaths. . There are two strains of monkeypox, the one originating from the Congo with a mortality rate of 10% of all cases and the one from West Africa with a mortality rate of 1%.

In Vietnam, the Ministry of Health on May 24 required monitoring of people entering from countries including Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. and South Sudan. This is to detect suspected cases early and ensure disease control.

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