Pregnancy depression often manifests as loss of interest, lack of energy, and negative thoughts, occurring throughout pregnancy, and can last up to a year after giving birth.
Britney Spears announced on April 12 that she is pregnant with her fiancé Sam Asghari. On her personal page, the 40-year-old singer explained her confusion and anxiety in recent days about her body weight, and shared her mental health difficulties during pregnancy.
“Actually, I suffered from depression during pregnancy. I have to admit it’s really horrible. In the past, women didn’t talk openly about it. Some people think it’s okay to complain when you’re pregnant. in the belly. But now, women can talk about it every day. Thank God we no longer have to keep it a secret,” Spears wrote on her personal page.
According to the US Preventive Health Services Task Force, depression in pregnancy is one of the most common symptoms of pregnancy. According to statistics, one in 7 women has this condition.
Unlike postpartum depression, depression in pregnancy occurs as soon as a woman is pregnant, and can last up to a year after giving birth. Common symptoms include loss of interest, lack of energy, often depressed mood, fluctuations in sleep or eating habits, decreased ability to think or concentrate, feelings of worthlessness, even even intend to commit suicide.
Depression in pregnancy is different from the “baby blues”. This is a syndrome that occurs shortly after giving birth, the mother has bouts of boredom, anxiety and mood swings. Both of these conditions manifest as crying, irritability, and fatigue. However, depression in pregnancy lasts for two weeks or more, while baby blues usually go away within 10 days.
In addition to the common symptoms of depressive disorder, such as hopelessness or feeling socially isolated, “women who experience depression during pregnancy often experience great guilt, shame when they feel feel the same,” said Karen Kleiman, director of the Center for Postpartum Stress in Pennsylvania, USA.
“While pregnant women often experience some degree of emotional upheaval, I would still recommend that they seek medical help if they are experiencing extreme distress that affects their ability to function normally. “, added Mrs. Kleiman.
Treating depression during pregnancy is important for the health of both mother and baby. A 2019 report, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), found that the condition can lead to premature birth and low birth weight in babies.
In addition, the children of mothers with depression during pregnancy have more behavioral problems, poor cognitive function, and an increased risk of developing mental disorders.
The most common methods of preventing depression during pregnancy are physical activity, medication, infant sleep training, and yoga. According to the JAMA report, the most effective form of therapeutic counseling was, reducing the risk of depression from pregnancy by 39%.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy are chosen by many doctors. In particular, cognitive behavioral therapy addresses negative thoughts, prevents self-destructive behavior, and leads to positive change. Interpersonal therapy focuses on improving a person’s relationships and actions with others. The goal of this approach is to rapidly relieve depressive symptoms and improve social accommodation.
Kleiman also suggests that pregnant women take advantage of social support networks where they live. “Let others know what your concerns are, what you need, how they can help. A strong support system has been shown to make a significant difference in women’s recovery. women used to suffer from depression and anxiety,” she said.
Because there are no standard screening tools to check for depression in pregnancy, assessing one’s risk and determining one’s risk of developing the disease can be complicated, says psychiatrist Marlene Freeman, MD, of the School of Medicine. Harvard University. According to her, people who are looking for treatment for depression during pregnancy or postpartum depression should see a women’s health counselor who is well-trained in this area.
Thuc Linh (According to SCMP)