The most dangerous complication of a heart attack is sudden death, because when a blood vessel is blocked, the heart has no blood to feed, leading to sudden death or prolonged heart failure.
Doctor Do Viet Thang, Deputy Head of Cardiovascular Intervention Unit – Heart Center, Phu Tho General Hospital, said that in cardiovascular diseases, myocardial infarction is a dangerous disease because of the death rate. accounting for 73%. Around the world every year up to 7 million people die from this disease. A heart attack can happen suddenly even while the person is sleeping, playing or working and the disease tends to be younger and younger. In our country, the rate of people suffering from myocardial infarction has skyrocketed in recent years, the following year average rate is 15-20% higher than the previous year.
A heart attack is essentially a blockage of a coronary artery. Coronary arteries are the arteries that supply blood to the heart. When a blood vessel is blocked, the heart has no blood to feed, leading to heart failure, the patient can die suddenly or the consequences of long lasting heart failure.
The most common cause of a heart attack is atherosclerosis. This occurs because atheroma builds up over time and attaches to blood vessel walls, its constituents include cholesterol, calcium, and cell debris.
In subjects with several risk factors such as hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus contribute to vascular damage over time. It is these disorders that make blood vessels more susceptible to the deposition and attachment of cholesterol molecules. Where the atheroma attaches to the inflamed vessel wall, at a point this plaque flakes off and breaks, promoting the formation of a blood clot that clogs the lumen of the blood vessel. When the lumen is blocked, leading to the heart muscle in the back not being fed blood, resulting in necrosis and death of the heart muscle, causing myocardial infarction.
Early signs of myocardial infarction include palpitations, angina, pain that may spread to the neck to the left arm, accompanied by difficulty breathing, sweating, dizziness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting , low blood pressure or hypertension, cold hands and feet, humidity, irritation, anxiety, panic, fainting. In others, the patient does not experience the symptoms described above but only feels slightly tired or discomfort in the epigastric region.
The most dangerous complication of a heart attack is sudden death, in addition there can be complications such as heart failure, disability, decreased labor capacity …
The most modern treatment for myocardial infarction in the world is coronary stenting, angioplasty. This method helps to re-open the blood vessels to nourish the heart, help the heart to nourish blood, restore the heart’s function and reduce long-term disabilities for the patient.
According to the doctor, for those at high risk of metabolic disorders, nutrition and abstinence play the most important role in the treatment of the disease. Nutrition and regulation help patients to stabilize blood pressure, reduce cholesterol deposition in the blood.
Heart attack prevention, patients need to have a healthy lifestyle, regular exercise and sports for at least 30 minutes a day, do not drink alcohol, beer, smoke, pipe tobacco. Adjust your diet such as limiting cholesterol-rich foods such as skin, animal viscera, and processed foods. For those who have a lot of stress in their jobs, they should change the working and living regime to suit their health status.
Dr. Thang recommends that when there are signs of myocardial infarction, especially paying attention to angina, difficulty breathing … should not delay for any reason, to go to the hospital as soon as possible. . In situations where the patient is alone, lonely or physically stationary in place, call for assistance from a relative or medical assistance to take it to the hospital.