Health

Healthy diet


Meals need a combination of many different foods, a balance of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals to ensure enough nutrition for the body.

Family meals play a very important role, so it should be ensured, balanced in quantity and quality. A well-balanced diet is to include food groups at a well-balanced ratio, including carbohydrates, foods rich in protein, foods rich in fat, and foods rich in vitamins and minerals. During epidemic times, more attention should be paid to diet in order to strengthen the digestive system and the immune system.

Principle of nutritional balance

According to the Institute of Applied Medicine, modern medicine or more correctly modern nutrition always advises to practice a balanced and nutritious diet. A reasonable diet also needs to depend on the age, gender and fitness of each subject.

Accordingly, the food groups that need to have a balanced ratio include:

Starch group: Energy from the group of carbohydrates should make up 55-67% of the total dietary energy, so eat different grains to diversify meals.

The food group is rich in protein: need to eat foods rich in animal protein from livestock, poultry, seafood and vegetable protein from beans, beans …

Fat group: Animal fats and vegetable oils support the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E, K …

Vitamins and minerals group: includes vegetables, tubers and fruits to help the body develop and be healthy, helping to fight diseases at all ages.

Daily meals should be balanced with carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. Image: Shutterstock.

Nutritional imbalance in meals

Basically, there is no single dish that can provide all the nutrients that need to coordinate and use a variety of foods. When we use favorably one type, with continuous frequency, the invisible will self-balance the nutritional factors. Instant noodles, for example, are considered unbalanced by some with a predominant amount of starch while others are lacking.

Compare the nutritional content of some common foods.  Source: Vietnam Food Ingredients Table, published in 2007.

Comparison of nutritional content of some common foods according to the Vietnam Food Ingredients Table, published in 2007.

However, in essence, instant noodles, even if they are fast foods, can be used instead of meals. In order to balance the nutrition when eating instant noodles, it is necessary to add the missing nutrient groups through foods such as eggs, meat, green vegetables … Thus, meals with instant noodles can still be 15-20% of the daily nutritional needs are met for the body.

Does food cause heat in the body?

Vietnamese people often have a saying that “This food is hot so eat less, do not eat that hot food is bad”. According to information from the Institute of Applied Medicine, Most people rate hot and cold food based on personal experience and word of mouth. Hot or cold foods are not only based on the burning sensation in the olfactory organs, taste, digestion … but also depend on many different factors, including condition, condition. metabolism and disease of each person, nutritional composition of food. Maybe hot spicy food for one person is not good, but for another it is normal, even good.

You should use instant noodles with vegetables, roots, meat, eggs ... to have a nutritious balanced meal.  PLEASE IMAGE SOURCE.

You should use instant noodles with vegetables, roots, meat, eggs … to have a balanced nutritious meal. Image: Acecook.

According to information from the Institute of Applied Medicine, in the aspect of modern medicine, being hot in a person is not a disease and there is no clear opinion or definition. Therefore, it is difficult to say that food is the cause of internal heat. The heat in some people after eating may result from inadequate diets. For example, after eating fried foods like french fries, fried chicken or instant noodles, many people feel hot inside and blame these foods as the cause. But actually, it’s because you’ve just had a nutritionally unbalanced meal: too much fat, starches (chips, instant noodles), protein (fried chicken) but lack of fiber, no. have green vegetables, fruit and not drink enough water.

Some of the symptoms that many people think are hot in the body such as rashes, pimples, hot skin, bleeding teeth, mouth heat or hot skin …, according to experts, these are the signs or symptoms that can be put in place to let you know something is wrong or to warn you of impending health problems. You can take notes on hot symptoms in your body, go with a food diary and visit your doctor to find out the real cause of your health and body effects.

According to experts, what to eat and how to eat nutritional imbalances is often caused by ourselves, not by food. Combining a variety of different foods is a great way to deliver a nutritious, nutritious meal.

Ngoc An

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