In Myanmar, India’s neighboring country, the army has overthrown and imposed an emergency for a year. Myanmar’s supreme leader, Aung Sanu Suu Kyi, has arrested its President Yu Win Myint. This move is being criticized all over the world. But Myanmar’s army is adamant and claims that it had to take this step only to protect democracy.
Police are deployed in Myanmar city of Yangon. The roads there are empty and only a few people are seen on the roads. The airport route has been closed. As soon as the emergency was announced, lines appeared in front of the ATM because people are afraid that there will be a cash crisis in the coming days. At the same time, some banks have stopped financial services due to apprehensions.
Silence on the streets of Myanmar
Soldiers and police are also present on the streets of Nepitav, the capital of Myanmar. If anyone is seen on the streets, then they are members of pro-army parties. Who are celebrating the emergency in vehicles with their flags. Such vehicles are running all over the city. It is understood that through such demonstrations, the Army wants to convey the message that people are in support of its decision. The army has made former general and vice-president Mint Swaye the executive president after the coup. The army has been deployed on the streets to crush potential protests and phone lines and internet have been closed. International radio and TV broadcasts have been discontinued. The contact with the world has been cut off from the cities of Myanmar, making it difficult to say what is happening in Myanmar.
To understand the coup in Myanmar, you have to understand the sources of Myanmar’s power. There is leader Aung San Suu Kyi at one end and Min Aung Helyang, the army chief at the other end. Aung San Suu Kyi and his party are the flag bearers of democracy and this does not go down well with the Myanmar army which has been in power there for a long time.
Army held power for 50 years
In the elections held in November of 2020, Aung San Suu Kyi’s party Myanmar National League of Democracy won a big victory. Suu Kyi’s party won 396 seats out of 476. But the army alleged that the elections were rigged. The newly elected MPs were to meet in Parliament today, just before which the army overthrown and took power in their hands. Interestingly, after the 1962 coup in Myanmar, the army held power in its hands for almost 50 years. During this time Aung San Suu Kyi led the movement against the military government and spent many years in jail.
But the constitution was formed in Myanmar in 2008 due to heavy international pressure and domestic agitation. With this constitution, the army had made a decision to keep power in its hands. The Army has a quota of 25 percent seats. The army chief appoints the minister of his choice in big ministries like defense, home ministries. Even after being out of power, the grip of the army never diminished from power, now after seeing Suu’s popularity, he again captured power. The Army’s plan is to have a re-election under its supervision by next year. It is believed that the Myanmar army wants to elect the Prime Minister according to itself so that power can be exercised through a puppet government.
Concern for india
The military coup in Myanmar is being condemned worldwide. India too is monitoring the situation in Myanmar as Myanmar is India’s neighbor. It is being seen as a setback to democracy all over the world, and once again there is a fear that the Rohingya crisis may be aggravated once again as the current army chief has been accused of torturing the Rohingyas.
We are watching the developments in Myanmar with deep concern. India has always been supportive of the process of democratic change in Myanmar. We believe that the rule of law and the democratic process must be upheld. At the same time, China is also keeping an eye on the situation in Myanmar because China too has invested heavily in Myanmar. The new US President Joe Biden has also been told about the situation in Myanmar. At the same time, the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has condemned the coup and said that the detained leaders should be released immediately. Australia has given some similar response.
Also read: Aung San Suu Kyi in custody, what is the connection with China in the coup in Myanmar? What will be its effect on India?