Many major equipment manufacturers are still not ready to participate in safe e-waste recovery and recycling activities, ensuring the living environment for Vietnamese people.
|Large electronic equipment manufacturers must be responsible for the recall and recycling of used electronic products in Vietnam.|
Electronic companies must recall used products
According to Decree 45/2002 on sanctioning of administrative violations in the field of environmental protection, investment project owners, owners, management boards of urban areas, apartment buildings and office buildings will be fined from 200 to VND 250 million if equipment, means and locations are not arranged for sorting at source, collecting and storing daily-life solid waste.
One of the important contents of Decree 45 is the regulation on classification, collection, transportation, burial, dumping, burning and treatment of ordinary solid waste.
In recent years, the number of technological devices in Vietnam is increasing rapidly. This makes the issue of e-waste increasingly put pressure on the people and the Government. Meanwhile, the collection of these products is carried out by scrap collectors. A large amount of e-waste will be transported to the outskirts of big cities and rural areas for manual decomposition. The treatment of e-waste in this way greatly affects the health of the community and pollutes the environment. People who are directly involved in recycling or living around areas where e-waste is concentrated have suffered from various types of cancer.
According to Decision No. 16/2015/QD-TTg stipulating the recall and treatment of discarded products, from July 1, 2016, a number of discarded products such as batteries and batteries will be recovered and treated. type; some electrical and electronic equipment; lubricants, tubes and tires of all kinds. Also from this time, will recall and handle a number of discarded electrical and electronic equipment products such as light bulbs, office equipment, mobile phones, tablets, disc players, televisions, cabinets. refrigerator, air conditioner, washing machine.
Specifically, manufacturers of electronic equipment must be responsible for organizing activities to recall discarded products they sell to the Vietnamese market; establish a point or system of points for recall of discarded products; responsible for receiving their own discarded products; encouraging the receipt of products of the same type as the products they have sold on the market, regardless of brands or manufacturers; receive and process their discarded products that have been put on the market, which are recovered by other manufacturers upon request…
In addition, distribution facilities are responsible for coordinating with manufacturers to establish recall points and receive discarded products at their facilities at the request of manufacturers; Store discarded products at the point of recall as prescribed.
Many technology giants still “forget” about recovery and recycling
One question is how electronic equipment manufacturers have performed their responsibility to recall and recycle used products in Vietnam?
Answering VietnamNet about this issue, a representative of Vietnam Recycles (Vietnam Recycles) – an alliance between two leading technology firms, HP and Apple to collect and recycle waste free of charge, said that this organization only has 2 members, HP and Apple, are still participating in Vietnam. In the past there was Microsoft who also collected e-waste, but then they no longer sell phones so they did not participate.
A representative of Vietnam Recycles pointed out Vietnam’s legal loophole, although it detailed the responsibilities of equipment manufacturers for the recycling of e-waste, it did not set a clear limit on the rate. As the rate of product waste is similar to that in European countries, many electronic equipment manufacturers only set up collection points and have unsatisfactory results.
In Europe, Japan and the United States, there have long been regulations forcing manufacturers, retailers and importers to pay for the collection and treatment of e-waste. At the same time, it also stipulates that among imported electrical and electronic equipment must limit the use of toxic substances such as lead, mercury…
Answering VietnamNet earlier, Ms. Monina de Vera-Jacob, Southeast Asia Environment Manager at HP Asia-Pacific, said that major electronics manufacturers such as Samsung, LG, etc. must have responsibility for the recall and recycling of used electronic products in Vietnam.
According to Ms. Monina de Vera-Jacob, in many European countries, regulations on the collection and recycling of e-waste have been legislated to force manufacturers of electronic devices to be responsible for their products. through its use. The percentage of electronic products that can be recycled must reach 40%. This means that all equipment manufacturers must comply with the rule that for every 100 products sold, 40 products can be recycled after being discarded.
Vietnam recycles has applied a pilot model of e-waste recycling according to a new method. In particular, all stages of the e-waste treatment process such as collection, separation and recycling according to modern standards will be carried out at facilities within the territory of Vietnam. The output of this processing will be safe products and ensure the maximum amount of resources obtained after recycling.
From November 1, 2021, Vietnam recycles will start applying a new collection list, focusing more on equipment that members are producing and trading in the market. This change is in line with the adjustment of the Law on Environmental Protection. Specifically, Vietnam recycles will focus on collecting devices such as mobile phones, tablets, computers (CPU, Laptop, …), LCD computer screens, CRTs, printers, fax machines. , scanners, copiers and electronic components related to information technology…
For equipment not manufactured by members of the alliance such as primary batteries, CRT televisions, household electronics, etc., Vietnam will not continue to collect recycling from the above time limit; the recovery and recycling of such equipment is the responsibility of the manufacturer to comply with the new provisions of the Law on Environmental Protection. Therefore, consumers can contact the manufacturer of equipment that is not collected by Vietnam for assistance, to avoid improper disposal causing environmental pollution.
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