Technology

Develop a set of indicators to measure Vietnam’s digital economy to make development policies


The set of digital economic statistical indicators fully reflects from digital infrastructure, the popularity of digital media, online services to human resources. This will be important data in making specific decisions.

In June 2020, the Prime Minister approved the “National Digital Transformation Program to 2025, with a vision to 2030” with the goal of Vietnam joining the group of 50 leading countries in e-Government.

In order to achieve the set objectives, the Prime Minister assigned the Ministry of Planning and Investment to coordinate with relevant ministries and branches to research, develop and issue a system of statistical indicators on the digital economy; develop a new method in data collection to measure the impact of digital transformation on socio-economic aspects and people for periodic publication.

According to the General Statistics Office (Ministry of Planning and Investment), digital economy is all economic activities based on digital platforms, using digital technology and data to create new business models. The set of statistical indicators of the digital economy is a collection of statistical indicators that reflect the development and impact of the digital economy on the national economy.

Vietnam develops a set of indicators to measure the digital economy.

The set of digital economic indicators defines, the added value of the digital economy is calculated from the added value due to activities of providing digital infrastructure services, digital platform services and digital application services. The share of value added by the digital economy in gross domestic product is the percentage between the total value added by the digital economy and the gross domestic product in the reporting period.

Digital economy is defined as activities providing digital infrastructure services, digital platform services and digital application services. Specifically, digital infrastructure is the physical technical infrastructure to transmit digital information and digital data, and to provide digital platform services and digital application services such as fixed telecommunications services, telecommunications services, etc. mobile phones, Internet connection services, Internet access services,…

Digital platform services are services developed based on digital infrastructure, creating an environment for digital application services such as goods e-commerce floor services (Shopee, Sendo, Amazon, Alibaba, ..), stock exchanges, social networking services (Zalo, Facebook, YouTube,…), applications on mobile platforms to provide services (Uber, Grab,…).

Meanwhile, digital application services are information technology services, information technology application services in general – developed and operated based on digital infrastructure or digital platforms for organizations and businesses to use. , individuals use in activities, production, business, sale of goods, provision of services.

In addition to statistics on digital infrastructure indicators, the Index will fully reflect the popularity of digital media (percentage of mobile phone users, percentage of people with digital identities, number of mobile applications, etc.). Vietnamese-made mobile phones per capita, percentage of households assigned digital addresses..); The prevalence of online services or digital skills and digital human resources.

To develop a set of digital economic indicators, the General Statistics Office will be the unit in charge and coordination with relevant ministries, branches and agencies in collecting and synthesizing statistical information on economic statistics indicators. digital economy. This unit will apply information technology in the process of integrating, storing and exploiting digital economic statistics. The Ministry of Information and Communications, based on the set of digital economic statistical indicators, integrates, collects and synthesizes the indicators, and provides them to the Ministry of Planning and Investment for synthesis and compilation.

Digital economy is one of Vietnam’s priorities. Therefore, unifying digital economic indicators makes sense to bring in data and make concrete decisions.

However, experts also say that measuring the size of the digital economy faces many challenges. According to Mr. Jaffar Al-Rikabi, Economist of the World Bank: Digital economy is a new concept with many different definitions, data quality problems, difficulty in measuring the consumption of digital products, price The value of investing in data in the modern economy is hard to define, measuring the sharing economy, and also the challenges of understanding where the economy works when companies make a lot of money. from cross-border activities.

To solve this, experts say that knowing the size of the digital economy, it is necessary to measure production from the supply side. The supply side is often involved in the production and trade of the digital economy, such as the value of investment, employment, research and development. Meanwhile, to examine the economic impact of digitization on the larger economy and society, its application in the digital economy must be examined.

Duy Vu

Putting 5 million agricultural production households on the floor is a breakthrough in the digital economy

Putting 5 million agricultural production households on the floor is a breakthrough in the digital economy

Deputy Minister of Information and Communications Pham Anh Tuan emphasized that putting agricultural production households on the e-commerce platform is a breakthrough in the development of the agricultural digital economy and suggested that localities coordinate with postal enterprises to develop a payment plan. details.

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