Health

Dengue fever in season in the North


Dengue fever cases increased rapidly in September in northern provinces, experts warned that the disease was in season.

Ha Nam, Hanoi recorded a spike in the number of dengue cases in September.

The Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases in Hanoi received 88 dengue fever cases from September 10 to September 23. Every day, the hospital receives about 4-5 patients, according to Dr. Nguyen Kim Thu, Head of Virus – Parasitology Department, Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases. Eight months earlier, there were very few dengue patients hospitalized.

Statistics to September 20 by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Hanoi, the city recorded 724 cumulative dengue cases in 2021. The number of infected people tends to increase from late August to early September. with about 60-70 cases a week, while June-July only recorded 30-40 cases a week. However, in general, the number of cases still decreased by 46% compared to the same period in 2020. A representative of Hanoi CDC said that the current situation of dengue fever in the area has not been complicated, but the risk may increase. increase, especially in the rainy season, October-November.

Ha Nam Provincial General Hospital received a lot of patients consecutively from inner city wards such as Hai Ba Trung, Minh Khai, and Le Hong Phong in September. The hospital representative said that these places only appear sporadically every year. garbage, but this year there are wards that recorded nearly 100 cases, higher than other times of the year.

Health Center of Phu Ly city, Ha Nam, detected 61 cases from July 21 to August 15, in 4 wards and communes including Hai Ba Trung, Minh Khai, Liem Tiet and Liem Chung.

Department of Tropical Diseases, Quang Ninh Provincial General Hospital, has treated more than 100 cases of dengue fever, from July to now. A hospital representative on September 27 said that cases tend to increase gradually in the second half of August and early September, mainly in Ha Long city, scattered in Cao Thang, Bach Dang, and Tran Hung Dao wards. , concentrated a lot in Hong Hai ward… The patient was admitted to the hospital with fever and pain for many days, but when he was examined by a doctor, he was discovered to have dengue fever.

A representative of Quang Ninh CDC said that the number of dengue cases tends to increase across the province compared to the same time last year. From the beginning of the year to about mid-September, the province recorded 127 cases of dengue fever, the number of cases is expected to continue to increase.

Statistics of the Ministry of Health in the first 8 months of the year, the whole country had 43,952 cases of dengue fever, of which 13 died. Compared to the same period last year, the number of cases decreased by more than 9%, the number of deaths increased by 10 cases.

Dr. Thu said dengue fever is a disease transmitted by mosquito bites. Hot, humid weather with a lot of rain, densely populated areas, undeveloped infrastructure are places where mosquitoes breed. Currently, the dengue epidemic is not as intense as in previous years. However, people still need to pay attention to disease prevention, besides fighting Covid-19 because dengue fever is also capable of severe progression leading to death.

Dengue fever patients are treated at the Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases, September 27. Photo: Thanh Son.

Doctor Nguyen Thi Tuoi, Department of General Internal Medicine, Bai Chay Hospital (Quang Ninh), said that the symptom of dengue fever is a continuous high fever of 39-40 degrees Celsius, lasting 2-7 days, accompanied by headache. severe pain in the forehead, behind the eyeballs, muscle and joint pain, swollen lymph nodes or rash, bleeding under the skin with persistent vomiting, abdominal pain, digestive disorders, bleeding gums or teeth…

If not detected and treated promptly, dengue fever can have serious and life-threatening complications such as pleural effusion, pneumonia, shock due to severe plasma leakage, internal bleeding, brain bleeding. , damage to organs, liver damage, blood clotting disorders.

There is currently no specific treatment or vaccine for dengue fever. Because the disease is spread from person to person through mosquito bites, the most effective way to prevent the disease is to kill mosquitoes and limit the habitat of mosquitoes.

People need to actively take the most effective measures to prevent dengue fever as follows: eliminate the vector that transmits the disease, the aedes mosquito. Kill mosquitoes, kill squirrels, larva around the area you live. Regularly clean the environment to prevent dengue by doing things such as: sealing water containers, preventing mosquitoes from laying eggs, cleaning and changing water at least once a week with water containers. buckets, jars, flowerpots, water tanks, especially indoor aquatic plants need to be changed and cleaned once a week.

Large water containers or tanks should be stocked with larval fish. Collect and dispose of wastes that may contain water such as old tires, bottles, cans, coconut shells, etc. Prevent mosquito bites by measures such as: keeping the house neat and clean, not Hang clothes on the wall to reduce mosquito shelter, make curtains to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house.

Mosquitoes that transmit dengue are more active during the day, especially in the early morning and evening. Therefore, it is necessary to wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts, especially when gardening or sleeping under a mosquito net, even during the day. It is recommended to use mosquito repellents in the early morning and evening, and periodically spray insecticides at home.

Chile – Thuy Quynh

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