Health

Dangerous complications of chronic kidney disease


Weak bones, high blood pressure, immunodeficiency, diarrhea, gastritis… are complications arising from end-stage chronic kidney disease.

According to experts, chronic kidney disease is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged, unable to filter blood as usual. When the kidneys are healthy, waste and fluids from the blood are filtered to make urine. However, kidney damage will cause waste and fluid to accumulate in the body, affecting health.

Statistics show that people with diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, and a family member with chronic kidney disease are more likely to have this disease.

Chronic kidney disease has 5 stages of progression. In the first and second stages, the kidneys are damaged but still working well. The patient’s body has no abnormal symptoms. Entering stage 3, damage to the kidneys begins to develop and cannot function properly. At this time, the patient began to have symptoms of increasing fatigue.

In stage 4, the kidneys are severely damaged, working little or not at all. In the end stage, the patient may have complete kidney failure, appear many complications as follows.

Water storageKidneys: Poor functioning of the kidneys, unable to filter excess sodium, causing the body to retain water, causing swelling, swelling of the hands, feet or other parts.

Anemia: People with chronic kidney disease are prone to anemia (low amount of healthy red blood cells in the body). At this time, the heart has to work continuously to deliver oxygen to the tissues and organs in the body.

Gout: This is a disease that causes inflammation, swelling of joints due to urate crystals accumulating in the body, causing pain, immobility. Normally, urate is excreted by the kidneys. However, in people with chronic kidney disease, unremoved urate causes gout.

Mineral imbalanceMineral imbalance occurs when the kidneys are damaged, kidney failure, cannot regulate the necessary hormones. Minerals like calcium and phosphorus play a role in keeping bones strong.

Metabolic acidosis: Chronic kidney disease can affect the pH balance in the blood, increasing acidity. Patients may develop muscle weakness, heart failure, and insulin resistance (decreased sugar metabolism).

Patients with chronic kidney disease are prone to prolonged diarrhea. Image: Freepik

DiarrheaKidney failure makes waste in the body not excreted, affecting the digestive system. Most of the patients had chronic diarrhea, inflammation of the stomach lining, esophageal ulcer, and inflammation of the small intestine.

Erectile dysfunctionMen: Men experience this condition due to chronic kidney disease, a lack of blood flow to the penis.

Weak bones: Patients can face the risk of weak bones, fragile bones, osteoporosis due to a decrease in mineral density in the body.

High blood pressure: This is a dangerous complication of chronic kidney disease, which accelerates the decline of kidney function.

Immunodeficiency: The immune system (fighting infection, disease) in people with chronic kidney disease is often weakened. Faced with the risk of disease, the body’s response does not take place as it should.

Heart disease: With severe chronic kidney disease, the risk of developing heart disease increases. It is the leading cause of death in patients. Heart disease is caused by imbalanced minerals, hormones, high blood pressure, and hardening of the arteries.

In order to prevent complications of chronic kidney disease, patients need to change their diet and nutrition. Nutritionists recommend that patients should have a suitable meal plan, eat less salt, sodium, add more vegetables, tubers, fruits, avoid fried foods, fried foods containing saturated fat, …

In particular, people with kidney failure need to change their lifestyle by keeping weight, exercising regularly, getting enough sleep, quitting smoking, and stimulants. In terms of mental health, patients are prone to depression and anxiety. Therefore, it is advisable to talk to a psychiatrist or practice meditation to cope with the stress in your life.

To treat the complications of chronic kidney disease, the patient must have a multidisciplinary approach. Depending on the severity of the complications, the doctor will give you a drug treatment plan, advise on changing your diet or do the necessary tests.

Minh Thuy (Follow Very Well Health)

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