Health

Cuba, Cambodia give Covid-19 vaccines to young children – VnExpress


Cuba will vaccinate children from two years of age with Covid-19 vaccine, Cambodia will vaccinate children 6-12 years old, with the goal of opening schools nationwide soon.

Cuba’s health regulator approved vaccination for children 2-11 years old in early September, making it the only country to expand the rollout of the Covid-19 vaccine to this age group. Last week, the country started vaccinating 13-17 year olds. Currently, more than 65% of the Cuban population has received at least one dose of the vaccine, 37% has received two doses.

Cuban children are immunized with two domestic vaccines, Soberana 2 and Soberana Plus. The vaccine is developed by recombinant protein technology, can be stored at normal refrigeration, does not require deep freezer like some other mRNA vaccines.

Clinical trials in both adults and children have shown that both vaccines are more than 90% effective. However, the data has not been published and peer-reviewed in peer-reviewed journals.

Dr. Jarbas Barbosa, assistant director of the Inter-American Health Organization, part of the World Health Organization, in June called on Cuba to release more information about the vaccine.

The number of nCoV infections skyrocketed as the Delta variant spread rapidly across the island nation. Cuba recently recorded an average of 70 infections per 100,000 inhabitants per day, the highest rate in the Western Hemisphere. About 20% of infections are people under the age of 20.

A vial of the Covid-19 vaccine Soberana-2 during the third phase of the trial in Havana, Cuba, March 31. Photo: Reuters

In Cambodia, Prime Minister Hun Sen said that the country’s children 6-12 years old will be vaccinated against Covid-19 from September 17, the goal is to reopen schools nationwide soon.

The launching ceremony of this vaccination campaign will take place at Peace Palace. “Without vaccinating children in this age group, Cambodia cannot reopen primary schools across the country,” Prime Minister Hun Sen said.

Cambodia has an estimated 1.9 million children 6-12 years old. In the next phase, the country will give the Covid-19 vaccine to children 3-6 years old.

Cambodia currently conducts three vaccination campaigns, including vaccination for people 18 years of age and older, vaccination for adolescents 12-18 years old and a third booster shot.

As of September 14, more than 9.7 million of the country’s 10 million adults have received at least one dose of the vaccine. Of which, 8,681,113 people received two injections.

About 1.7 million adolescents 12-18 years old, or 87.23%, have been vaccinated. In addition, 790,111 people received a third injection.

The US and Europe have vaccinated children 12 years of age and older. U.S. officials plan to license the vaccine for children between the ages of 5 and 12 by the end of this year. Chile begins immunizing children aged 6 years and over. China and the United Arab Emirates vaccinate children as young as three years old.

Thuc Linh – Mai Dung (Follow NY Times, Khmer Times)

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