Fourth Wazir-e-Azam Chaudhry Mohammad Ali of Pakistan was revolted by the leaders of his own party Muslim League and the result was that Chaudhry Mohammad Ali had to step down from the post of Wazir-e-Azam, he had The post of party president also did not exist. All this happened when Governor General Iskander Mirza himself was supporting Chaudhry Mohammad Ali and then the leaders of Muslim League as well as Awami League and Republican Party elected Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy as their leader and made him the Wazir-e-Azam of Pakistan. . In a special series coup based on Pakistani Prime Ministers, today the fifth Wazir-e-Azam Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy of Pakistan was talked about.
Suhrawardy had a different plan at the time of partition
Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy was also one of the close friends of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan. The reason for this was that in 1946, just before independence, when the elections were held in Bengal, under the leadership of Suhrawardy, the Muslim League had won 113 seats out of a total of 119 seats. Muhammad Ali Jinnah had also rewarded Suhrawardy for this and made him the Prime Minister of Bengal. By then, the talk of the partition of India and Pakistan was beginning to be fully implemented. It was clearly visible that Muslims wanted a separate country and Hindus wanted a separate country. But Bengal Prime Minister Suhrawardy had a different plan. His plan was to see Bengal as a separate country, which included parts of present-day West Bengal, Bangladesh, Assam and Bihar. Suhrawardy could not implement this plan, because neither the Muslim League, nor the Congress nor the British agreed for it. Meanwhile, Mohammad Ali Jinnah announced Direct Action Day on 16 August 1946 to demand a separate country for Muslims.
The announcement of this Action Day started riots in Bengal. Thousands of people were killed in this riot that lasted for about a week. Lakhs of people had to leave their homes. Its direct blame came on Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy, because he used to be the Prime Minister of Bengal at that time. But when the partition happened in 1947, Jinnah put Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy on the sidelines. Jinnah had seen Suhrawardy’s work on Direct Action Day and knew what Suhrawardy’s plan was for Bengal.
But in 1953, when Syed Mohammad Ali Chaudhry alias Mohammad Ali Bogra, who was Pakistan’s ambassador to the US, became the Prime Minister, he gave Suhrawardy the responsibility of Law Minister in his Cabinet of Talent. But when the Acting Governor General of Pakistan Iskander Ali Mirza dismissed Bogra and made Chaudhry Muhammad Ali the Wazir-e-Azam, Suhrawardy was made the Leader of the Opposition in the Pakistani Parliament. By then he had joined the Awami League. The leaders of the Awami League and the Republican Party together removed the fourth Wazir-e-Azam Chaudhry Mohammad Ali of Pakistan, and then Syed Shaheed Suhrawardy emerged as the leader of the coalition of the Awami League and the Republican Party and the fifth Wazir of Pakistan. Became -e-Azam.
This effort weighed heavily on Suhrawardy’s politics
Suhrawardy tried to make economic reforms in Pakistan. Tried to bridge the growing gap between West Pakistan and East Pakistan. Tried that West Pakistan should not be divided into four provinces i.e. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Balochistan and Punjab but remained a single unit, which was also advocated by Mohammad Ali Bogra. But this effort overshadowed Suhrawardy’s politics. The Muslim League sitting in opposition never saw West Pakistan as a single unit. Apart from this, Suhrawardy, who was giving financial help to East Pakistan by bringing it from America, was also not being digested by the leaders and big businessmen of West Pakistan. Iskander Ali Mirza, who became the first President of the country under the constitution implemented in Pakistan after the Governor General, was also against these decisions of Suhrawardy. So the President asked Suhrawardy to resign. Suhrawardy refused to resign and said he could prove his majority in Parliament.
But he did not get a chance to prove his majority. Iskandar Ali Mirza threatened him that either he should quit or he would be dismissed. So Suhrawardy resigned from his post on October 17, 1957. The Muslim League projected its party leader and law minister in Chaudhry Muhammad Ali’s government, II Chundrigar alias Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar, as a prime ministerial candidate. With the support of the opposition parties Awami League and Muslim League as well as other smaller parties, he became the sixth Wazir-e-Azam of Pakistan. But he could remain in his post for only 55 days.
In the next episode of the coup series, read the story of Pakistan’s sixth Wazir-e-Azam Ibrahim Ismail Chundarigar, whose electoral reform efforts proved him to be the only 55-day Wazir-e-Azam in Pakistan.
read this also –
Coup Series 1: When the first Prime Minister of Pakistan was assassinated in a crowd of millions, read the full story
Coup Series 2: Why did the Governor General of Pakistan sack PM Khwaja Nazimuddin from the post?