Common mistakes when taking care of children on cold days

It is cold, many parents let their children wear too thick, leading to difficulty breathing, arbitrarily use fever-reducing medicines, reserve medicine but miss the golden time of treatment.

Doctor Cao Minh Thanh, Head of Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Hanoi Medical University Hospital, said that over the past few days, the temperature in the North dropped deeply, the cold rains caused the number of children to be examined because of acute sore throat, flu, and runny nose increase.

The main reason is that the changing seasons create favorable conditions for bacteria and viruses to develop, while the child’s immune system is incomplete and easily susceptible to pathogens. In addition, unscientific child care is also a risk factor for aggravating the condition when the weather turns cold suddenly.

The doctor said, when it is cold, parents need to pay attention to keep the child warm, wear warm, wear towels, gloves, socks, hats … However, avoid wearing too thick and layered clothes that make it difficult for children to breathe. Sweat can penetrate back into the body, causing cold, reducing body temperature, and easily leading to pneumonia.

Many parents use honeycomb charcoal for heating in cold weather. However, in an air-deficient environment such as bedrooms, heating coal will create an extremely toxic gas called CO. Depending on the level and duration of exposure, a victim of CO poisoning can suffer brain, nerve, heart rate, coma, and even death.

The habit of buying medicine by yourself when your child has a fever, cough, or flu leads to late hospitalization, ignoring the golden time of treatment, is also quite dangerous, according to Dr. Dang Thi Thuy, Head of Pediatrics Department, Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases. nursing.

According to Dr. Thuy, children who are not treated properly are more susceptible to superinfection with other bacteria, making the condition worse. For example, from a stagnant phlegm, your child may have superinfection with otitis media, superinfection of bronchitis, and more severe sepsis.

“Then the treatment is more difficult, the risk of serious complications, prolonged hospital stay, increasing the cost of treatment, affecting the health and fitness of the child in the future”, the doctor emphasized.

In the cold season, many young children with respiratory diseases are taken to the hospital for examination. Image: Doctor provided

Some parents buy medicine for home storage and preventive medicine. However, arbitrarily taking drugs can lead to drug resistance and unnecessary waste.

Doctor Nguyen Tien Dung, former head of the Department of Pediatrics, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, said that a child with fever but not fussy, loss of appetite, irritable, tired, fever less than 38.5 degrees Celsius does not need medicine. antipyretic. The disease can go away on its own after 3-5 days. However, children with chronic diseases such as bronchial asthma, spasmodic bronchitis, heart disease, when the flu will be severe, should be closely monitored.

To proactively prevent seasonal flu, doctors recommend to comply with the “5K Message” of the Ministry of Health: Masks – Disinfectants – Distance – Failure to concentrate – Medical declaration. Ensure personal hygiene, wash hands, eat well, eat cooked, cover mouth when sneezing. Keep the body warm, eat well, get vaccinated.

Pay attention to daily hygiene and children’s toys, do not let children suck on toys. Avoid taking children to crowded places. Sick children should leave school, isolate at home, to avoid spreading to others. Minimize kissing for children on cheeks as they can spread the disease. Limit contact with flu or suspected illness.

Children with seasonal flu can take care at home, symptomatic treatment by drinking plenty of fluids, using fever-reducing medicines as directed by the doctor. Use a warm compress or wipe the child with a warm towel for no more than 10 minutes an hour when the child has a high fever, and the fever affects their activities. Encourage your child to drink plenty of water from fruit, broth, oresol. When provided with enough fluids, it is usually every 4 hours.

Children with signs of aggravation such as persistent high fever, fatigue, irritability, irritability, headache, nausea, need to be examined and treated at the hospital.

Thuy An – Chile


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