Causes of sore throat – VnExpress

A sore throat is caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease, tonsillitis, stress, or allergies.

A sore throat (tightening of the throat) is different from the common types of sore throat associated with colds. Throat pain causes the patient to feel that the throat is narrowed, like a tumor, making it difficult to swallow and breathe. According to the sheet Very Well HealthThere are many levels of angina, and the causes of a sore throat are varied, and can be caused by allergies, acid reflux, or more serious health problems.

GERD or Acid Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common around the world and its prevalence is increasing in people aged 30-39 years.

Gastroesophageal reflux causes stomach acid to back up into the esophagus, sometimes reaching the throat. Acid in the stomach damages the tissue of the esophagus and throat producing symptoms such as heartburn, sore throat, cough, hoarseness and in some cases a sore throat. Esophageal stricture can occur when tissue is damaged and scar tissue forms, making it difficult for a person to swallow.

Throat pain causes the patient to feel that the throat is narrow. Image: Freepik


Anxiety disorders often lead to panic attacks. During these episodes, the person with an anxiety disorder feels anxious and fearful, causing the heart to beat and breathing excessively (hyperventilation). The rapid and shallow breathing that occurs during these anxiety episodes dries out the throat, causing dizziness and lightheadedness, and creates a feeling of tightness in the throat. Besides, the patient also sweats, chills, shivers…


Tonsillitis (usually nasopharyngeal tonsillitis) is very common, although the exact prevalence is unknown. Tonsillitis can be acute or chronic and has a wide range of causes, including bacterial infections, viral infections such as mononucleosis, and allergies. Symptoms of tonsillitis include sore throat, red throat, and difficulty swallowing. In rare cases, when the tonsils grow large, the patient will feel the throat tighten, even making it difficult to breathe.

Stress disorder

Tension dysphonia (MTD) is a condition in which the muscles around the larynx become tight and unable to function properly. Symptoms of muscle tension disorder include hoarseness, tightness in the voice, neck tenderness, feeling like there is a lump in the throat. Tension-associated dyspnea is common in people with severe asthma.


A goiter is a benign enlargement of the thyroid gland, not cancer. In cases where a large goiter causes the thyroid gland to enlarge, it will compress the trachea or esophagus causing problems with breathing and swallowing, as well as a sore throat.


Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction that can cause dangerous swelling in the throat, block the airways, and make it impossible for a person to swallow or breathe normally. Anaphylaxis occurs mainly because a person is allergic to insect bites, stings, certain foods… Allergic people often experience symptoms, including severe itching, redness, and swelling of the tongue. or difficulty speaking, swelling of the lips, tightness in the throat or chest, trouble breathing or swallowing.

A sore throat does not reduce a person’s ability to breathe or swallow, but in severe cases, it can cause kidney and heart problems. Therefore, experts recommend that people with persistent and unexplained sore throat should consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

To avoid sore throats, sleep with your head elevated at night to limit stomach acid from going up the esophagus. When your tonsils are swollen, you can apply ice to your neck or sleep with a cool mist humidifier next to your bed at night.

There are some home remedies to prevent a sore throat like washing your hands and staying away from people who are sick to prevent throat infections. Get plenty of sleep and exercise to boost the immune response. You should pay attention to potential triggers such as allergies or foods that cause your symptoms to prevent…

Mr. Chi (Follow VeryWell Health)


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