Health

Cases that should be treated for HP bacteria – VnExpress


I discovered HP infection a month ago, the symptoms are not worrying, do I need treatment? (Hoang An, HCMC)

HP infection is a common disease, can cause dangerous complications, needs to be detected and treated early. However, it is not always necessary to completely eliminate HP bacteria from the body. Most cases of HP infection have no symptoms and do not affect the patient’s daily activities. Therefore, testing for HP is not routine for all patients only in symptomatic cases and prescribed by a specialist. Using drugs to treat HP often causes some side effects such as nausea, vomiting, bowel disorders, fatigue, increased appetite leading to weight gain…

Although more evidence is still needed, some preliminary studies show that the existence of HP bacteria in the body reduces the risk of obesity and asthma in children, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease causing diabetes. gluten intolerance… Testing and treatment of HP is usually indicated for subjects with gastric and duodenal ulcers; digestive disorders, dyspepsia; stomach cancer, a family history of stomach cancer; chronic atrophic gastritis; iron deficiency anemia, unexplained thrombocytopenia bleeding, long-term use of analgesics, antiplatelet agents…

Helicobacter pylori exists inside the stomach with high transmission and re-infection potential. Image: Shutterstock

HP is a gram-negative spirochete, entering the body through contact with saliva, digestive fluids, and feces of an infected person. This bacteria is found in the lining of the stomach, is a leading cause of peptic ulcers or inflammation and has been linked to stomach cancer. The typical signs of HP infection are epigastric pain and burning, flatulence, belching, belching, vomiting and nausea, dyspepsia, bowel disorders… HP infection for a long time can be lead to inflammation or ulceration of the stomach causing upper gastrointestinal bleeding, increasing the risk of stomach cancer. This disease is highly contagious and can be re-infected if not treated properly.

Most current HP regimens are prescribed for 14 days with at least 3 drugs, including a proton pump inhibitor and two antibiotics. Currently, more and more people infected with HP bacteria are resistant to antibiotics, so treatment regimens often use two antibiotics to reduce the risk of treatment failure and limit drug resistance. It is important that patients follow the doctor’s instructions, do not stop taking the drug or change the dose on their own, in order to bring about a good treatment effect and avoid drug resistance.

Scientific eating habits also support disease treatment. Specifically, patients should increase foods that are good for the digestive system and have the ability to fight bacteria such as cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, strawberries, yogurt, honey, turmeric, garlic… It is necessary to limit spicy, hot, and greasy foods; Acidic and carbonated foods and drinks…

Carrot food is beneficial for people infected with HP bacteria.  Photo: Shutterstock

Carrots are beneficial for people infected with HP bacteria. Image: Shutterstock

Not every HP infection needs to be treated because most infected people have no symptoms or complications. To specify eradication of HP, patients need to visit and consult with specialists.

Doctor Nguyen Thi Ngoc Bich
Center for Endoscopy and Gastrointestinal Surgery, Tam Anh General Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City

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