To some extent, the reform would have gone unnoticed, while it will soon concern the some 60,000 young people joining a university institute of technology each year. Invited to finalize their file no later than Thursday, April 8, Parcoursup candidates must bear in mind that opting for an IUT now means committing for three years, and no longer two.
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Created in 1966 to diversify study paths and meet the needs of businesses, the university diploma in technology (DUT) is about to give way, for first-year students from next September, to the university bachelor of technology. (GOAL). In other words a “bachelor”, a term used internationally to designate the license.
Adapt to the profile of technological baccalaureate holders
Why such a molt? To adapt the courses to the profile of technological graduates, begins Sophie Lengrand-Jacoulet, director of the IUT of Aix-Marseille and vice-president of the Assembly of directors of IUT. “Selective courses halfway between high school and college, with a majority of teaching in small groups and a success rate of 70% in two years, the DUTs have over time attracted more and more very good general baccalauréat holders , especially in the tertiary sector. While techno baccalaureate graduates, who nevertheless intend to join these courses, sometimes found themselves in difficulty during the first semester ”, she notes. Currently, 63% of IUT staff come from the general stream.
With this reform, “The models will be revised, with a less abrupt start to the training and favoring a skills-based approach”, continues Guillaume Gellé, vice-president of the Conference of University Presidents. By loosening the program, they will “More space for internship periods and will make it possible, if necessary, to follow the training more easily in the work-study mode”, anticipates the president of the University of Reims-Champagne-Ardennes.
Likewise, he observes, “In an increasingly international study landscape, the future BUT will offer more possibilities for stays abroad”. This extension of the duration of training is in any case part of a European movement to harmonize higher education, initiated a quarter of a century ago with the Bologna process, which provides for three main levels of diploma: license ( bac + 3), master (bac + 5), doctorate (bac + 8).
90% of holders of a DUT continue their studies
“The reform also responds quite simply to an observation: to date, 90% of holders of a DUT continue their studies”, argues the Ministry of Higher Education. Many, among them, continue with a third year of professional license, also selective training provided in IUT (80%) or within the traditional components of universities.
Also, the new architecture raises the question of coexistence with the pro license. “The GOAL will offer more general training than the professional license, more focused on a profession, and even more in connection with companies and branches”, indicates the ministry. “With some exceptions, the professional licenses offered within the IUTs will be absorbed within our bachelors, corrects Sophie Lengrand-Jacoulet. The objective is to clearly reposition our training courses on professional integration to bac + 3, a big demand from companies. “
Between 24 and 35 years old, one in two French people have a higher education
“This movement will give better visibility to technological training in the university sphere”, analysis Éric Charbonnier, education expert at the OECD, who wonders about the advisability of creating, in the long term, technological university masters which would complement the offer of the grandes écoles.
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The reform also takes into account, more generally, the lengthening of studies, observed in many countries, including France, which in 2006 abolished the Deug (bac + 2) and transformed the master’s degree into a master’s degree, for an additional year. “Today, in France, 48% of 25-34 year olds have a higher education qualification, almost twice as many as 55-64 year olds”, recalls Éric Charbonnier.
Reform of IUT studies
France has 111 university institutes of technology, structures attached to a university but enjoying relative autonomy.
These IUT welcome around 120,000 students.
The main areas of specialization are: administration-management-commerce, communication and mediation, electricity-computer-automation, industrial sciences-materials-control, chemistry-biology-industrial processes and construction-energy-security.
At the start of the 2021 school year, the technological university diploma will give way to the technological university bachelor (bac + 3). A minority of professional licenses, mainly those offered by traditional components of the university, will continue to exist.