Health

Beware of encephalitis, meningitis in hot weather


As tall asIn one week, the infectious disease department, provincial general hospital received three patients hospitalized with high fever, headache, encephalitis and meningitis.

The first patient, male, 37 months old, was admitted to the hospital on June 25 with a constant high fever, headache, vomiting, and poor appetite. Test results confirmed encephalitis. The second child, 13 years old, was also admitted to the hospital with fever, vomiting, difficulty speaking, and was diagnosed with meningitis and encephalitis. Both are treated and cared for at the Department of Infectious Diseases, their health is stable.

The third case, a 15-year-old female patient, was hospitalized in severe condition: respiratory failure, coma due to meningitis. Doctors of the Emergency Department conducted inter-specialty consultations and devised an appropriate treatment plan.

A doctor checks the health of a patient being treated. Image: Hospital provides

Encephalitis and meningitis belong to the same group of infections of the central nervous system. The disease occurs sporadically all year round, tends to increase in the hot season. General symptoms are fever over 38 degrees Celsius, nausea, vomiting and headache from the first day of infection. Children often lose their appetite, stop feeding, and cry. In particular, the fever lasts continuously and is difficult to lower. Although the child takes fever reducer, after 5-6 hours the medicine wears off, the child has a fever again. Severe cases can cause convulsions, coma, the disease progresses rapidly, so it should be detected early and treated promptly to minimize the risk of death or leaving sequelae of retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy for children. young.

Meningitis is a serious infection of the meninges, the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Diseases are caused by many different agents, including fungi or viruses and bacteria. Most cases of meningitis are caused by infection with Hemophilus influenza type B (Hib), pneumococcal and meningococcal bacteria, fungi, viruses, …

Encephalitis is an inflammatory condition in the brain parenchyma, manifested by neuropsychiatric dysfunction due to viral infections, in rare cases caused by bacteria. Encephalitis is assessed to have a more severe neurological sequelae than meningitis.

Usually, the symptoms of the disease are very similar to other common infectious diseases and are only detected when examined and tested by a doctor. Inflammation of the brain, meninges, can cause serious complications or death if not treated early.

Doctors recommend, to prevent meningitis – encephalitis, people need to clean the environment clean and airy. Eliminate stagnant water around living places, kill larva so that mosquitoes do not have the conditions to breed. Sleep under a mosquito net, and also need to spray mosquito repellent. Avoid going to crowded places, there is a high risk of disease. Do not use antibiotics indiscriminately.

Get vaccinated against encephalitis at an early age, according to the doctor’s advice. Currently, Vietnam circulates many types of vaccines such as Japanese encephalitis, meningococcal disease, pneumococcal… Parents need to take their children to get vaccinated on time and fully to be effective.

Thuy An

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