At first glance, it’s a collapse: 86% of the 709,000 baccalaureate candidates obtained their baccalaureate this year without having to go through the remedial box, a percentage down almost 5 points compared to last year, and even by more than 6 points compared to 2020. The fall concerns both the general route (91.5%, i.e. less 3.8 points than in 2021) and the technological series (80.6%, less 8.6 points ) and professional (78.7%, minus 3.5 points).
Conversely, there is also an increase in the share of candidates who obtained less than 8/20, the threshold allowing access to the remedial tests, scheduled between Wednesday 6 and Friday 8 July. The proportion of those who failed thus reached 6.4%, against 4.2% last year.
In 2020 and 2021, crisis sessions
This marked deterioration in results did not, however, “nothing alarming”, nuance Alexis Torchet, national secretary of the Sgen-CFDT – a national education union. Because it takes as points of comparison two exceptional sessions, upset by the Covid. “In 2020, final exams had been replaced by continuous assessment, recalls this union official. Similarly, in 2021, still for health reasons, the specialty tests could not be held. To take into account a year of chaotic preparation, with a large share of distance learning, the organizers had decided to retain, for philosophy, the average of the year if it was higher than the mark obtained at the exam. »
In reality, even oriented downwards compared to the previous session, the 2022 results are significantly better than those of the editions before the Covid: the candidates obtaining the baccalaureate even before the remedial tests were barely 77.7% in 2019 and 78.8% in 2018.
A continuous control favorable to the candidates?
The 2022 session will have been the first, since the launch of the new baccalaureate, to take place under almost normal conditions, with minor adjustments linked to the evolution of the pandemic (a wider choice of subjects for the specialty tests, postponed two months, in May).
“The comparison of this session with those before the pandemic shows that the continuous assessment – which accounts for 40% of the final mark – has benefited the candidates, comments Carole Zerbib, deputy principal of the Lycée Voltaire, in Paris, and national secretary of the SNPDEN, the main organization of school heads. This applies in particular to rather average pupils who, in the old configuration, sometimes collapsed during final exams. »