Health

Angina pectoris indicates a heart attack


Quang NinhPatient 81 years old, with left chest pain intermittently, the doctor diagnosed myocardial infarction on the third day, critical condition.

Doctors at Bai Chay Hospital, on February 17, informed that the patient’s chest pain appeared even when resting. Coronary angiogram confirmed that he had complete occlusion of the first segment of the two circumflex arteries, 60% stenosis of the anterior interventricular artery, and right coronary artery disease. The team recanalized and placed a drug-eluting stent in the blocked vessel. After the intervention, the patient’s chest pain was relieved, the patient was out of danger, and the vital index was stable.

Acute myocardial infarction is common in middle-aged and elderly patients with comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, lack of physical activity… Timely emergency intervention patients will have dangerous complications such as arrhythmia, acute heart failure, stroke due to embolism, heart failure, sudden death.

Typical symptoms of myocardial infarction are severe chest pain, pain in the middle of the chest, behind the sternum or slightly left side, feeling of heaviness, squeezing, tightening, pressing, sometimes spreading to the left hand, up the chin to the abdomen area. on the navel. Duration of chest pain for 20-30 minutes or longer. Patients may experience sweating, shortness of breath, and unconsciousness. In addition, some people do not have chest pain but abdominal pain above the navel, pain in the back.

The signs and symptoms of a heart attack can vary depending on age, sex, the area of ​​blood vessels affected, and other comorbidities.

The arterial segment was blocked before the intervention (left) and recanalized after the intervention (right). Photo: Hospital provides

Doctor Tran Van Quy (Deputy Head of Cardiology Department) said this is a dangerous disease caused by a sudden blockage of a blood vessel supplying the heart. In particular, the long-term harmful cold weather increases the number of patients hospitalized due to myocardial infarction. The doctor explained, in the cold season, blood pressure often rises by about 5 mmHg compared to summer. Continued maintenance of this high blood pressure will increase the risk of cardiovascular complications, stroke by 21%. A deep drop in temperature also causes blood vessels to constrict, which can easily lead to a stroke. Therefore, when the weather turns cold, people need to keep their bodies warm and limit going out when the temperature is too low.

To reduce the risk of heart attack, you should eat right, avoid animal fat and organs, eat enough vegetables and fruits, quit smoking, don’t abuse alcohol, exercise regularly, keep a reasonable weight , avoid psychological stress, well treat diseases if any. When there are signs of sudden dizziness, difficulty breathing, sharp pain and discomfort in the sternum, cold sweats, irregular heartbeat, it is necessary to immediately go to a medical facility with a cardiologist for diagnosis and treatment. timely.

Regular health check-ups as well as cardiology examination when there are abnormal symptoms to detect and treat coronary artery disease early, prevent myocardial infarction.

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