Health

Allergic rhinitis in young children is easy to recur – VnExpress


Allergic rhinitis caused by agents from the environment and weather makes children easy to sneeze, runny nose, discomfort, and easy recurrence.

The baby is 4.5 years old. About a year, the baby kept sneezing, runny nose, cough, sometimes fever. I took her to the doctor and took medicine but it didn’t stop, about a week she sneezed a lot and repeated the above symptoms. Ask your doctor for advice. (Tram Nguyen)

Answer:

Her child’s case was recurrent, lasting about a year with upper respiratory symptoms possibly related to allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis has many causes, often with lesions and inflammation of the nose, appearing due to allergies. The first symptom is an allergic upper respiratory tract infection that often begins with an itchy nose. Due to an itchy nose, the baby will scratch his nose, then sneeze, causing a runny nose.

Allergic rhinitis often occurs in young children, especially on days of changing weather (it is hot to cold and vice versa), heavy environmental pollution, dust, tobacco smoke, household smoke, Indoor allergens such as house mites are invisible to the naked eye. Children who come into contact with dogs and cats are susceptible to being infected with the fur of these animals, in addition to cockroaches, molds, but the agent of allergic rhinitis is suspended in the house. Respiratory allergens such as pollen, strong odors, and strong detergents can also lead to allergic manifestations. In addition, there may be gastrointestinal allergens such as the baby may eat foods that cause allergic rhinitis.

To find the cause of allergic rhinitis is very difficult, you should take your child to the doctor. The doctor will look at the baby for allergic rhinitis, find the trigger and prevent it specifically by excluding the allergen. If the room has high humidity, you can use an air conditioner to dry the room. In case the room is too dry, place pots of clean water or mist to help moisten and reduce dryness of the nasal mucosa. If allergic rhinitis is severe, the doctor can give the baby a medicine, with a treatment regimen depending on the severity. In addition to improving the living environment, children also need vaccinations to prevent respiratory diseases.

Assoc.Prof.Dr.BS Nguyen Thi Yen
Department of Pediatrics, Tam Anh General Hospital, Hanoi

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