In addition to Covid-19, emerging diseases such as monkeypox, infectious diseases including dengue fever, hand, foot and mouth disease, influenza … are in the peak season of outbreaks, increasing the risk of epidemics.
Information provided by Acting Health Minister Dao Hong Lan at HOnline conference on disease prevention, August 2nd.
In the first seven months of the year, the Ministry of Health recorded more than 9 million new cases of Covid-19 and is on an upward trend due to the appearance of new sub-variants of Omicron such as BA.4, BA.5 that spread faster than other strains. first, the latest strains are BA.2.12.1, BA.2.75.
Meanwhile, since the beginning of the year, dengue fever has broken out on a large scale, with 136,075 cases and 45 deaths across the country. Compared to the same period in 2021, the number of cases increased by 3.2 times, the number of deaths increased by 31 cases.
At the same time, the number of endemic diseases such as hand, foot and mouth disease, malaria, measles, and rabies is currently less than in the same period in 2021 but also in an increasing trend. Specifically, hand, foot and mouth disease increased locally in some localities; Measles was reported sporadically in some places.
In addition, currently, Vietnam has not recorded monkeypox cases, but there are acute hepatitis of unknown etiology and other group A infectious diseases.
“Thus, the risk of a superimposed epidemic is present, while there is a state of subjectivity, neglect and lack of vigilance in epidemic prevention, especially in some localities where the progress of Covid vaccine vaccination has not been satisfactory.” Ms. Lan said that the point of view is to prevent the epidemic from early, from afar, from the grassroots; “absolutely not to be subjective, to be negligent, to lose vigilance, to not let the epidemic re-emerge”.
In the current “new normal” context, the Acting Minister said that the solution to prevent Covid-19 is according to the formula “2K (masks, disinfection) + vaccine + medicine + treatment + technology + human consciousness. population and other measures”, with pillars including isolation, testing and treatment.
She suggested further speeding up the rate of vaccination against Covid-19, especially the 3rd and 4th doses of vaccine for each target group, for children from 5 to under 12 years old and not to let the vaccine not be used in time. time, waste.
At the meeting, a representative of the World Health Organization (WHO) also affirmed that the vaccination strategy is still very important in the current context when new strains of Covid-19 are constantly appearing. The goal of the health sector is to complete the vaccination for children 5-11 before they go to school, with approximately 4 million children needing the first dose, and 7.5 million children needing the second dose.
“Thus, Vietnam needs about 29 more days to complete this goal, if it doesn’t speed up, the first goal will be difficult to reach the finish line,” the WHO representative said.
Mr. Dang Duc Anh, Director of the Central Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, said that the rate of booster injections of 3rd and 4th doses for people aged 12 years and older was not satisfactory, and the basic dose for children 5-11 years old was slow. As of August 1, the group of 18 years old and older received more than 72% of the first booster injection (dose 3), and 50% more than 50% of the second booster dose (dose 4); more than 34% of the 12-17 year old group received booster shots.
According to Mr. Duc Anh, the cause of the slow vaccination rate is that now production and working activities have returned to normal, and it is difficult to organize vaccination during working time. The group of children who are on summer break, transfer levels, so it is difficult to organize vaccinations at schools and at health stations. The high rate of population mobility after the epidemic in many localities also affects vaccination work.
He also mentioned the fact that people are subjective in the context of the epidemic being controlled, many people have contracted Covid-19 so they do not agree or hesitate to inject the next vaccines. Many parents do not agree to give their children a booster shot due to concerns about the long-term effects of the vaccine on the health of children 5-11 years old.
As of July 31, Vietnam has received about 253 million doses of vaccines of all kinds, distributed 249 million doses to localities conducting vaccination, and 3.7 million doses have not been allocated.
Earlier, leaders of Ho Chi Minh City also warned of the risk of epidemics and Covid-19 resurgence in the city.