Health

A grim prospect in a poor country without a vaccine – VnExpress


While London and New York residents are excited about the idea of ​​summer vacation, Indians and Cambodians face blockade and death.

The number of infections, hospitalizations and deaths caused by Covid-19 in a number of countries where immunization has been successfully implemented are declining sharply. Scientists predict a bright prospect is not far off. However, the situation in India, the Philippines, Cambodia, … is a completely different story.

In areas where the vaccination campaign has not been successful, the number of cases has been rapidly increasing in recent weeks. The health system struggled to resist. World Health Organization (WHO) data show that instead of declining like in Western countries, the number of Covid-19 patients in these regions has been the highest since the onset of the epidemic.

The light and darkness between the two paintings highlight what medical experts have long warned: the Covid-19 wormhole in a “two-story” world. There, inequality caused by the epidemic has worsened, especially as the gap between water with and without vaccines has increased.

In countries with sufficient vaccines, the economy will grow strongly again. The government can resume overseas travel in a few months.

In countries where the mass immunization is not yet available or the immunization rate is slow, people are engulfed in waves of Covid-19 successive, likely to extend into the next year or even longer. The government still struggles between a complete closure of the border, suffering economic damage and the prospect of long-term loss.

People eat outdoors at a restaurant in Rome, Italy, on April 26. Image: Reuters

The prospects for economic recovery between the two worlds are also completely different. The gap has brought millions of people into severe poverty.

“It will be a much more unequal world than we have seen so far,” said Professor Vivekanand Jha, executive director of the George Institute of Global Health.

According to him, the poor country will still be raging by epidemic waves next year when only a small part of the population will be vaccinated.

The successful immunization campaigns in the UK, the US and Israel have become symbols of the way out of the pandemic, but they represent only a small percentage of the world’s population. Britain vaccinated nearly half of the population, the United States reached 40%. This figure in the world is 7%.

Many countries have not even begun to vaccinate. The decision to limit exports from vaccine powers like India has slowed down the global supply chain significantly.

Pakistan has vaccinated about half of its population. Funding is entirely from China. The batch of 17 million doses of AstraZeneca from the Covax program will take at least two months to arrive.

Nigeria has just vaccinated 0.5% of the population. In all of Africa, 0.8% of people received the vaccine. WHO said last week that only 2% of the world’s vaccines were shipped to the continent. While the UK plans to vaccinate all adults by July. This goal is a luxury for low-income and middle-income countries.

The prospects for economic recovery in different regions are also different. Geoffrey Okamoto, deputy executive director of the International Monetary Fund, said: “In Washington, people started talking about the 20th century, the period when the US economy flourished. The economy is tougher in the poorest countries. They won’t have a vaccine until next year. “

As the vaccine gap is deepened, places that have entered a new normal may continue to close the border with the country where the pandemic is still raging. This continues to create another split.

“Vaccine passport holders are allowed to travel, others do not have that interest. Even the relatively well off can feel the weight of this discrimination,” said Professor Jha.

Families and workers at the funeral home bury a dead body by Covid-19 in Gauhati, April 25.  Photo: AP

Families and workers at the funeral home bury a dead body made by Covid-19 in Gauhati, northeastern India, April 25. Image: AP

“On every level, the economy stagnates, and travel is dire,” said Professor Trudie Lang, Director of the Global Health Network at the Nuffield Faculty of Medicine, Oxford University.

She also predicts that public health will be severely and long-term affected.

“If people are blocked off, limited in travel and stuck around in repetitive measures, the country will be left behind. The inequality globally deepens,” she said. to speak.

Uneven vaccine distribution ultimately affects even mass vaccinated countries. The more dangerous nCoV variant, which reduces the effectiveness of the vaccine, will soon appear in developed countries, repelling the government’s success in quelling the epidemic.

The crisis in India – “world vaccine factory” – delayed shipments to other countries. Prime Minister Narendra Modi keeps supplies for his citizens. According to Professor Jha, a “two-tiered” world does not make high-income countries safe from epidemics.

“Variants will appear, finding their way to Europe, America. Some of the virus mutations may evade antibodies from the vaccine. People are still infected,” she said.

Thuc Linh (According to the Telegraph)

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