Health

A diet rich in fruit may reduce the risk of aneurysms


Research shows that, a person who eats 160 grams of fruit per day, the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm is 31% lower than that of a person who does not eat fruit.

In a study published in the journal Circulation of the American Heart Association, researchers divided more than 80,000 Swedes, aged 46-84, into four groups based on how much fruit and vegetable they ate, from least to most. These people were followed for 13 years, the results showed that nearly 1,100 people had abdominal aortic aneurysms, of which 222 had ruptured aneurysms. More than 80% of cases are male.

The researchers found that people who ate the most fruit — more than two servings of fruit a day (one serving of fruit is about 80 grams, excluding juice) had a lower risk of developing abdominal aortic aneurysm? 25% more and 43% lower risk of ruptured aneurysms than those who ate less than one serving of fruit per day.

Meanwhile, people who ate two servings of fruit a day had a 31% lower risk of disease and a 39% lower risk of ruptured aneurysm than those who didn’t eat any fruit. The most commonly eaten fruits are apples and pears, followed by bananas and citrus fruits.

“Eating more fruit can help prevent many vascular diseases, and our research shows that one of those benefits can be a reduced risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms,” said Dr. The study’s lead author, from the Institute of Environmental Medicine at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, said in a statement.

A fruit-rich diet is good for people with heart disease. Photo: Freepik.

According to researchers, the high antioxidant content in the fruit can fight abdominal aortic aneurysms by reducing inflammation. However, they also found that eating more antioxidant-rich vegetables did not reduce the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm. According to Stackelberg, vegetables lack certain types of antioxidants found in fruits.

“But vegetables are still important to health,” says Stackelberg. “Other studies have shown that eating more fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and some cancers,” adds Dr.

The American Heart Association recommends that adults eat about four to five servings of fruits and vegetables each day to supplement important nutrients including folate, magnesium, potassium, fiber, and vitamins A, C and C. K.
Abdominal aortic aneurysms can be detected by ultrasound. The disease is most common in men over the age of 60, who have at least one risk factor including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, genetic factors, or smoking.

According to Mayo ClinicThe aorta is the largest artery in the body, running from the heart through the center of the chest and abdomen. The abdominal aorta supplies blood mainly to the organs in the abdomen and lower body. Normally, the diameter of the abdominal aorta is about 2 cm.

For some reason, its size can become abnormally large at one point, forming a pouch-like bulge. In this aneurysm, the blood easily forms a thrombus, causing an embolism. The wall of the aneurysm is also weaker than other areas, and it is easy to crack (especially in people with high blood pressure). Therefore, the aneurysm is like a “bomb” and can burst at any time.

Aneurysms grow slowly over many years and may show no symptoms, but they can be life-threatening bleeding. Symptoms of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm include sudden and severe abdominal pain, rough skin, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, nausea, vomiting, and shock. Patients should seek medical attention if these symptoms begin.

Chau Vu
(According to CBS News, Healthday)

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