Let your child drink enough water, wear light-colored clothes, keep his body cool, rest in the shade… to help him recover from hot outdoor activities.
Playing and exercising outdoors is very beneficial for children’s physical and mental health. However, high temperatures and hot sun can make children sick for many reasons such as dehydration, exhaustion, cramps, heatstroke… Excessive heat can also cause discomfort for both children and caregivers. take care of them.
Therefore, when the weather is hot, babies and young children need to be closely monitored. Sweating causes the baby’s body to lose water quickly, parents should let their children drink water regularly, wear light clothes, and keep cool. Infants and toddlers may not show signs of heat exhaustion until very ill. They may look sick or cranky with symptoms such as limp, dry skin, refusing to feed, or changing diapers less than usual. In addition, the fontanelle (the soft area on the top of a child’s head) may also be lower than normal.
Parents should contact their pediatrician immediately when a child has symptoms that include: dizziness, exhaustion (unusual sleepiness, lethargy, or difficulty waking), headache, fever, extreme thirst, decreased urination, frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, irregular breathing, numbness or tingling in the skin, muscle pain.
Here are different ways to protect your child from heat-related illnesses and risks, against the heat.
Keep your baby well hydrated
On hot days, infants should be breastfed more often, but not given water, especially during the first 6 months of life. Because babies need the nutrients found in breast milk to grow, drinking water early causes babies to drink less breast milk leading to malnutrition. Formula-fed babies can be given extra formula. With older children, parents should encourage children to drink water often, if going out, bring a water bottle.
Children over 6 months of age should use sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher, reapplying every two hours. Babies under 6 months old should not be exposed to the sun, so keep them in the shade. Sunscreen can protect children from harmful UV rays, but it does not prevent heat.
Dress your baby in bright colors
The ability to sweat in children is lower than in adults. Therefore, parents should choose light-colored, thin and light clothes with only one layer of absorbent material so that sweat evaporates as quickly as possible.
Take time to relax
High temperatures can make children and parents tired, sleepy, and irritable. Therefore, after outdoor activities, the baby should be brought indoors to cool down, rest and replenish water.
Keep your baby’s body cool
If the baby has a temperature, parents give the child a cool bath or wipe his body with cool water after sweating to cool down the heat. Swimming is a sport that helps children stay active and cool down. To avoid drowning, adults should always supervise children when swimming or playing in the water.
Never leave your baby alone in a car
Even with the windows open, the interior of a car can still heat up for a short period of time. This is very dangerous for children.
Monitor your baby’s health status
Some medications can increase a baby’s sensitivity to the sun, increasing the risk of heatstroke. If your child is taking any medications, talk to your pediatrician about how to protect your child from the heat.
At high temperatures, babies and sick children need more attention. Even with mild illnesses like colds or inflammation of the stomach and intestines, babies and young children need special attention. These disorders usually cause a slight increase in a child’s body temperature on their own, but it can lead to dehydration in hot weather.
Chau Vu (Follow Indian Express)