Limit alcohol consumption, take medications as directed by your doctor, lose weight, have regular health checkups, etc. to help your liver function better and prevent disease.
The liver is one of the hardest working organs in the body, including filtering toxins out of the blood, balancing micronutrients, regulating hormones, and so on. progress to liver failure, a life-threatening condition.
Doctor, Dr. Vu Truong Khanh (Head of Gastroenterology – Hepatobiliary – Pancreatic Department, Hanoi Tam Anh General Hospital) said that there are many ways to improve health and improve liver function, in which Healthy living keeps the liver healthy.
Limit alcohol intake
The liver processes all alcoholic beverages that you consume, including wine, beer… All ethanol in alcohol is not toxic to the liver, when ingested, the body will convert to acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde is toxic to the liver. The more alcohol you drink, the harder your liver has to work. Over time, drinking too much can be harmful, destroying liver cells.
Alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD) can occur with several conditions such as fatty liver, acute hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. Drinking alcohol along with medications puts an undue burden on the liver. Alcohol makes liver damage worse in people with chronic hepatitis B and C viruses.
Use medicine properly
Dr. Khanh added that all drugs, when taken orally, pass through the liver and are broken down. Most medications are safe for the liver when taken as directed by your doctor. However, taking too many medications and often or taking more than one medicine at the same time can be harmful. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is an example of a common over-the-counter drug that can have serious liver effects if taken incorrectly. People should not arbitrarily use drugs and do not take supplements when not necessary.
Adopt a liver-friendly diet
For healthy liver function, it is important to ensure that a diet is beneficial for this organ in the long run. You should prioritize choosing whole grains, fruits and vegetables, lean protein, dairy, and healthy fats. Foods that are good for the liver are also recommended such as grapefruit, blueberries, fish… The body also needs to get enough fiber to help the liver work smoothly. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are good sources of fiber.
Everyone needs to make sure to drink enough water – essential for the liver to function properly. Foods high in fat, sugar, and salt can affect liver function over time. Fried foods and fast foods can also affect health.
According to the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) Guidelines, losing weight is an important part of improving liver function. People who are obese and have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who lose 3 to 5 percent of their body weight may experience a reduction in the accumulation of fat in the liver. If you lose 7-10% of your body weight, you can improve other symptoms of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease such as inflammation, fibrosis, etc.
“The best way to lose weight and maintain it is to take small steps to reach your goals over time. Improper diets are often unsustainable and can be as damaging to the liver as skipping breakfast, Skipping meals. Combining diet and regular exercise can help you lose weight and maintain an appropriate weight,” said Dr. Khanh.
Your doctor and nutritionist will advise you on your health and fitness, set a suitable weight loss goal and choose foods that are good for your liver.
Physical activity is not only good for the musculoskeletal system and cardiovascular system, but it is also good for the liver. Exercises such as brisk walking, cycling… can prevent the accumulation of fat in this organ.
Limit exposure to toxins from the environment
The liver not only processes chemicals that enter the body through the mouth, but also chemicals that enter through the nose and skin. Some household products contain toxins that can damage the liver if exposed regularly.
To prevent long-term damage, you can choose organic produce to clean your home, avoid chemical pesticides during gardening, and take precautions to avoid breathing in chemical fumes. If you use chemicals or aerosols indoors, such as paint, make sure the space is well ventilated and wear a mask.