6 common injuries when playing volleyball

Volleyball players may experience common injuries such as hand tendonitis, finger injury, sprain, pain.

Volleyball is a familiar sport at major and minor tournaments around the world. At the ongoing 31st SEA Games hosted by Vietnam, the home team participated in both men’s and women’s events.

Volleyball uses almost every part of the body, involves repetitive overhead movements, such as hitting the ball, blocking, serving… Volleyball players are prone to injury. in the shoulder and hand areas because these two parts need force to hit the ball, besides, knee and leg injuries are also easy to encounter because athletes have to move and jump frequently during the match.

Vietnam women’s volleyball team (red shirt) competes at SEA Games 31. Photo: Duc Dong

With the constant movement and movement of volleyball players, volleyball players often face the following risks of injury.

rotator cuff tendonitis

While serving and hitting the ball, the biceps muscles need to generate the intended strike force. The action of hitting the ball causes players to tear their biceps or muscle fatigue after overuse.

Hand injury

Fingers are susceptible to injury during volleyball movements, such as blocking, smashing, or catching the ball in a passing position. 2. Common finger injuries include fractures, dislocations, tendon and cord tears. ligament.

When playing volleyball, if the finger is painful and difficult to bend as usual, the player should contact a sports specialist or doctor to evaluate the condition.

Not only a player’s fingers, wrists and biceps are also vulnerable if not carefully protected.

Continuous jumping when playing volleyball puts athletes at risk of injury.  Photo: Duc Dong

Continuous jumping when playing volleyball puts athletes at risk of injury. Image: Duc Dong


Ankle sprains are the most common injury for volleyball players. Continuous jumping movements in competition or when participating in volleyball need correct technique and correct posture. Volleyball players are prone to sprains if they jump or run too hard, fall without proper technique…

Ankle sprains should be immobilized as soon as possible for a quicker recovery. On average, once an ankle is sprained, the injured person needs daily rehabilitation exercise for 8 weeks to reduce the risk of re-injury. Trauma can be definitively treated with splints and physical therapy or rehabilitation exercises at home. However, in the rare cases where an ankle sprain may be related to a fracture or injury to the cartilage, further evaluation is needed, including an X-ray or an MRI.

Patellar tendonitis

Patellar tendonitis is inflammation of the tendon that connects the kneecap to the tibia (or shin bone). Common in athletes who perform repetitive jumping activities, such as jumps and tackles.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury

Like ankle sprains, most anterior cruciate ligament injuries in volleyball players occur when they land awkwardly, with incorrect technique after jumping. Usually this injury causes a cry and manifests as immediate swelling of the knee. A person with a cruciate ligament injury will take about 6-9 months to recover. If you are a competitive athlete, this recovery period can cause them to miss many memorable matches, so when participating in football, players should follow the coach’s instructions and make sure they are careful. jumping, running accurately, minimizing the risk of injury.


Low back pain is a common cause of chronic pain among volleyball players. The cause of most low back pain is related to muscle or ligament strain. If the pain is mild, the player can rest at home to recover, but if the low back pain is accompanied by pain that radiates down the leg and numbness or weakness in the feet and ankles, the player may have a hernia. disc. In this case, the player should consult a medical professional to assess the level of pain.

Volleyball players may also be more at risk of a type of stress fracture in the back called spondylolisthesis. If the pain persists for more than a month and worsens when leaning back, consider consulting a doctor.

According to experts, if you experience an injury while playing volleyball, first apply a cold compress to the painful injury site. Next, the first-aider applies bandages to the injured area so that the tendons and joints can be restored. The injured person needs to monitor the condition of the injury, if it is severe, please notify the doctor or go to the hospital for treatment.

To prevent injuries when playing volleyball, players need to pay attention to a number of issues such as warming up the body before practice and competition. Choose gentle exercises and then try harder exercises. Players should use necessary volleyball protective accessories such as ankle and wrist protection belts, shoes, ankle socks, and clothing. In the process of participating in the competition, players should only play moderately, do not try too hard, after playing do not forget to stretch.

Mr. Chi (According to UR Medicine)


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