Eating healthy, exercising regularly, and taking diabetes medications help control blood sugar and prevent complications.
Doctor Tran Dong Hai, Department of Endocrinology – Diabetes, Tam Anh General Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, said that the treatment of diabetes (diabetes) type 1 and type 2 needs to combine many factors including: living, eating, exercising, taking medicine… to stabilize blood sugar. Different types of diabetes will have specific treatment directions based on the health status of the patient.
Using a group of grains, nuts, fruits, vegetables … high in fiber helps provide vitamins, minerals and less carbohydrates for the body. Group of fruits that are good for the health of people with diabetes such as tomatoes, bell peppers…; non-starchy vegetables such as green leafy vegetables, broccoli, cauliflower; legumes such as chickpeas, lentils; whole grains such as pasta, whole-wheat bread, whole-grain rice, whole-wheat oats, and quinoa.
Vegetables rich in fiber help slow down the absorption of sugar, reduce blood sugar; interferes with the absorption of fats and cholesterol in the diet. Fiber also helps prevent risk factors affecting the heart such as blood pressure, inflammation…; reduced appetite, faster satiety and longer hunger.
Foods containing unsaturated fats (including monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats) help reduce bad cholesterol in the blood and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Good sources of fats include: olive oil, sunflower oil, canola oil…; nuts such as almonds, peanuts, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds; fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, sardines, tuna…
The patient should also divide the plate of food. Non-starchy fruits and vegetables should make up half, whole grains a quarter, and foods high in protein (such as legumes, fish or lean meat) a quarter. Patients should not smoke and limit their proximity to smoking areas; drink alcohol in moderation.
According to Dr. Dong Hai, regular physical activity is not only good for the treatment of diabetes, but also brings many benefits such as weight loss, lower blood sugar, increased insulin sensitivity, and lower blood sugar levels. in the blood at normal levels.
To get this effect, you work out for about 30 minutes a day or 150 minutes a week, gradually increasing the intensity from medium to high. Physical activity such as brisk walking, swimming, cycling or running; resistance exercises (at least 2-3 times per week) such as weightlifting, compound exercises… help increase strength, balance and maintain an active life. Patients should shorten the time of inactivity (such as sitting at a computer) by getting up, walking, or doing light activity every 30 minutes of sitting still.
Non-insulin drugs (usually oral tablets) including drugs that increase insulin sensitivity, a class of drugs that increase insulin secretion; The drug slows the absorption of fat and glucose from the intestines. Insulin is used mainly in the treatment of type 1 diabetes because the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin. Insulin is also used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes when needed.
Insulin is given as an injection and comes in different varieties. Based on the degree of insulin decline, the doctor will prescribe the right type of insulin for each case. Insulin options include rapid-acting insulin, long-acting insulin, mixed insulin (both rapid and prolonged), and GLP-1 – Sliqua combination insulin (glargine-lixisenatide).
Monitor blood sugar
Patients should check their blood sugar regularly according to their doctor’s advice on when and the target blood sugar level should be reached. Keep your blood sugar as close to your target level as possible. This helps prevent or delay complications associated with the disease.
Doctor Dong Hai added that using stem cells taken from the blood of newborn umbilical cords can help restore insulin production in people with type 1 diabetes. This is the result of a study by researchers. British and American science. After the transplant, insulin levels in the patient’s blood can be restored, helping to balance glucose levels. This study offers hope for people with type 1 diabetes, which could replace lifelong insulin dependence.
People with diabetes need other supportive therapies, because the disease not only affects the body but also affects the mind. Whether newly diagnosed or living with the disease for a long time, many sufferers can experience negative emotions such as stress, depression, exhaustion, etc. At this time, a spiritual therapy is needed.
Patients and relatives should talk and share regularly. Through talk and words of encouragement, patients can stabilize their spirits and maintain stable blood sugar levels. Because stress is considered one of the causes of high blood sugar.