Health

5 mistakes in treating F0 at home


Taking too many supplements, vitamins, immune boosters or using two antibiotics at the same time can be counterproductive for the patient.

During the process of consulting and supporting F0 to treat at home, doctor CK I Nguyen Huy Hoang, Hyperbaric Oxygen Center of the Vietnam – Russia Tropical Center, Ministry of National Defense, noticed that many people are using drugs as well. such as not taking care of yourself or a loved one infected with Covid-19 properly. Here are 5 mistakes everyone should avoid.

Sauna, blow the wind too many times a day

Steaming, blowing the wind does not kill the virus. The sauna, blowing the wind helps the patient feel comfortable, however, if done too many times, the body will lose water, lose electrolytes and may damage the respiratory mucosa.

The patient should only sauna if there is no high fever, do it in a sheltered place, and should not be more than once a day. If you have a lot of stuffy nose, you should use physiological saline nasal drops, use a local vasoconstrictor such as Otrivin or Coldi-B and you should only inhale once a day.

Use anti-inflammatory corticosteroids in the first days, when SpO2 is above 95%

This is the problem of “knowing, suffering, talking forever” but has not seen any decline. Many F0s are using Methylprednisolone (4 or 16mg), Dexamethasone or Prednisolone incorrectly.

Corticosteroid anti-inflammatory is essentially an immunosuppressive drug, when the body is having a high fever, fighting fiercely against the virus, the introduction of corticosteroids, suppressing the body’s immune system is considered an “accepting” action for the immune system. virus attack.

When SpO2 is above 95%, when oxygen is not required, all studies to date strongly recommend: “Corticosteroids are contraindicated”.

Using two types of antibiotics at the same time and incorrectly will make the body easily “responsive” to the drug. Photo: iStock

Using too many ineffective drugs to prevent infection

Quite a lot of people when at risk of infection rush to buy drugs that are said to prevent infection. Strengthening the immune system can help the body fight the invasion of the virus, but it is a long process and requires a combination of other factors such as: eating well, exercising regularly, and sleeping properly. physical.

There is no magic potion that can increase resistance in just a few days. Instead of losing money, patients just need to follow the instructions on protection and gargle solutions containing povidone iodin 1% or chlorhexidine gluconate 0.12 – 0.2%. Before and after rinsing these solutions, you should rinse with physiological saline. You can wash 3-4 times a day.

Taking too many supplements, vitamins, immune boosters

Currently, some studies show that using high doses of zinc, vitamins C and D can help Covid-19 patients recover faster. However, the scientific evidence is not clear, not highly convincing. If only providing a lot of zinc or vitamins C and D helps to quickly recover from illness, humanity will not have to have a headache to find all kinds of drugs to treat Covid-19.

Quite a few mothers when sending pictures of medicines they are taking for their children, there are 3-4 types with vitamin C, or 3-4 types have zinc. Every day, just one multivitamin is enough, the most important thing is to eat enough, not lose water, electrolytes and have good sleep.

Immune-boosting drugs are basically all good, but don’t take too much at once. Strengthening immunity is a long-term story, people can choose the right drug or functional food, use it in moderate doses and should use it for a long time to be effective.

Use two antibiotics to prevent infection

In fact, some people need antibiotics to prevent infections. When the body is infected with a virus, the resistance decreases, the risk of bacterial and fungal infections will be higher. For patients with many underlying diseases and inherently poor resistance, the risk of bacterial superinfection is present. People who normally have sore throats, tonsillitis, bronchitis, sinusitis… should also consider using antibiotics early for prevention. However, it is not recommended to use up to 2 types for prophylaxis, only one antibiotic prophylaxis is enough. Even some people, even without the above risks, still use drugs according to oral prescriptions, taking up to 2 strong antibiotics at the same time, while there are no signs of infection.

There are many types of antibiotics, but currently there are mainly 3 groups of oral antibiotics, people who want to know just need to look on the blister pack or medicine box, with small words attached with the number of mg of content.

– Marcolide group: Erythromycin, Azithromycine, Clarithromycin…
– Beta-lactam group: Amoxicillin/Clavulanic, Amoxicillin/Sulbactam, Cephalexine, Ceforuxime, Cefixime, Cefpodoxime…
– Quinolone group: ciprofloxacine, levofloxacine…

The overuse of antibiotics is basically not as deadly as anti-inflammatory corticosteroids, but it will overload the liver and kidneys, while the body is exhausted due to virus attack. In addition, if used incorrectly, it will cause bacteria to become “resistant to the drug”, the next time you have an infection, those antibiotics will no longer work. Therefore, when taking the drug, the patient should consult a doctor.

Hai My

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