Health

4 exercises to help people with lung cancer breathe easier and reduce fatigue – VnExpress


Breathing exercises, stretching, aerobic to help ease breathing; reduce fatigue and side effects from treatment; increase endurance for lung cancer patients.

Exercise can become more difficult for lung cancer patients. However, a properly designed exercise program can help improve your health and reduce the severity of side effects associated with treatments.

Breathing exercises

Lung cancer patients often experience shortness of breath leading to fatigue, difficulty in daily activities. Restoring breathing can help you improve endurance. Diaphragm breathing exercises will allow more air to move in and out of the lungs, but without straining the diaphragm (the muscle located between the lungs and abdomen). This exercise can also help regulate your breathing if you become short of breath during activity. Here are the steps.

You sit or stand up straight and put your hands on your stomach.

Inhale through your nose, while gently pushing your belly out.

Exhale slowly by squeezing your lips together to let the air move through your nose. You can easily feel the breath coming in and out with your diaphragm when you place your hand on your upper abdomen. You can also press your hands down on your stomach as you exhale and release your hands on the inhale to assist in diaphragmatic breathing.

– Repeat the exercise several times a day.

Diaphragm breathing exercises allow more air to move in and out of the lungs. Image: Shutterstock

Stretching exercises

Stretching increases blood flow and oxygen to the muscles, improves muscle elasticity, and helps the body repair itself. Daily upper body stretching exercises help expand the chest cavity and increase lung capacity, allowing the lungs and diaphragm to move more freely, so that the patient can breathe deeply and easily. This is especially important for patients after radiation therapy, as radiation therapy often causes muscle tension. Muscle strain can break down scar tissue caused by surgery.

Stretching exercises can also improve spine curvature caused by sitting for long periods of time. Back arching can reduce lung capacity. Stretching is also a way to manage stress and anxiety when living with lung cancer. You must stretch regularly to gradually improve and maintain your range of motion and flexibility.

The poses perform muscle relaxation to increase blood flow and oxygen to the muscles, improving the elasticity of the muscles.  Photo: Shutterstock

The poses perform muscle relaxation to increase blood flow and oxygen to the muscles, improving the elasticity of the muscles. Image: Shutterstock

Aerobic exercise

Daily aerobic exercise helps lung cancer patients improve fitness, cardiovascular health and improve oxygen exchange capacity. You can go for a walk, dance, or do any of your favorite activities to get your heart rate up.

Lung cancer patients are recommended to exercise 150 minutes per week, but need to start at a light level and then gradually increase it. You should start with short sessions of about 10 minutes, wherever you feel convenient, without having to go to the gym.

Low-intensity exercise like walking is a safe way to start. You can walk around a room in your house, take a break, and then walk again. As you feel more confident, try to increase the distance slowly, several times a day. Use the pedometer to count your steps, helping you to set and achieve goals. Then you slowly increase the intensity of your workout by making small changes, such as taking the stairs and parking farther from your destination than before.

Lung cancer patients can do 150 minutes of aerobic exercise per week but need to gradually increase the level.  Photo: Shutterstock

Lung cancer patients can do 150 minutes of aerobic exercise per week but need to gradually increase the level. Image: Shutterstock

Strength training

Over the course of treatment, cancer patients can lose a significant amount of muscle mass due to chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or have to lie down or sit for long periods of time because of fatigue. Strength training exercises can help you strengthen your muscles, balance, and strengthen your bones. However, you should start with breathing, walking, and stretching exercises and then move on to more advanced strength training such as walking for longer distances, accelerating faster, or possibly running. the set.

Nguyen Phuong
(Follow American Society of Clinical Oncology)

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