Pneumococcal bacteria are spread through the respiratory tract. When pneumococcal bacteria enter the body, the child’s resistance is weak, so it cannot fight bacteria. They cause many dangerous diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia, otitis media, septicemia (septicemia), which can be life-threatening for children.
According to the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, in developing countries of Africa and Asia, the death rate from pneumococcal meningitis is more than 50% of all children infected. Symptoms of meningitis include high fever, headache for several hours or for 1-2 days, vomiting, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, loss of appetite, confusion …
Meningitis in a child is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are not clear. If not detected early and treated in time, the child can get complications, some cases even die.
Pneumococcal bacteria are one of the main causes of childhood pneumonia. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pneumococcal pneumonia is the most common and serious form of pneumococcal disease. Mother should pay attention when the baby has symptoms including fever, cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, chest pain …
In Vietnam, annually pneumonia kills the lives of 4,000 children out of a total of 2.9 million cases, according to the HCM City Respiratory Association. Pneumococcal pneumonia is dangerous because the average mortality rate is 10-20%, even over 50% in young children.
Blood infection (sepsis) caused by pneumococcal entry into the bloodstream causes septic shock. Due to the weak immune system, young children are at higher risk of sepsis than other subjects, possibly in addition to other inflammatory diseases. Symptoms of blood infection include fever, headache, muscle aches with cough …
If the risk of death is avoided, sepsis can often lead to long-term health problems for children. By page sepsis.org (USA), nearly half (47%) of children discharged from hospital after treatment for sepsis need to go back to hospital at least once.
Inflammation of the middle ear
Acute otitis media is one of the most common reasons young children need to take antibiotics and see their doctor. Symptoms of acute otitis include ear pain, red and swollen eardrums, hearing loss, difficulty sleeping, fever, and irritability.
If not treated in time can lead to chronic purulent otitis, frequent recurrence. Hearing loss due to recurrent acute middle ear infections can lead to language delays, behavioral disorders, affecting children’s learning performance …
How to prevent disease
Increasing antibodies to babies through breastfeeding and vaccination helps to fight the onset of pneumococcal bacteria. Pneumococcal vaccine can prevent serious illnesses caused by pneumococcal bacteria in children 6 weeks to 5 years of age.
In addition, parents can help your child reduce the possibility of infection for the baby such as keeping personal hygiene, regularly disinfecting hands and throat, wearing a mask when coming to a crowded place … Mom can strengthen cleaning and disinfection of the surrounding environment.
Meningitis, septicemia, pneumonia, otitis media are dangerous and lead to many serious complications but can be prevented. Parents can find more information and how to prevent pneumococcal diseases on the website: 5anhemnhasieu.com.