3 roles of micronutrients in the development of children – VnExpress

Vitamins and minerals promote the metabolism of nutrients, participate in enzyme structure, anti-oxidant, help children develop height, weight, brain.


Of the four groups of substances that provide nutrients to the body, there are three groups of macronutrients: protein, fat, and carbohydrates. In fact, there is a group of substances that many people do not realize is micronutrients including: vitamins, minerals. Micronutrients play an important role in the child’s body.

Micronutrients mean that an amount is not needed as much as macronutrients such as protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Parents who want their children to grow up, increase their height and weight, have an intelligent brain, need to supplement their children with micronutrients. Every child’s cells want to develop into a complete body, achieve physiological growth in weight and height, need micronutrients. For example, red blood cells need B6, B12, iron, zinc. The structure of bone cells requires the presence of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and vitamin D.

With the child’s development journey, the first time the baby is breastfed, additional meals are added. The processing of dishes from meat, fish, vegetables, milk… the food will turn into nutrients such as protein, fat, and sugar… They all need to be converted to be able to provide energy. , amino acids, fatty acids that the child’s body needs. So the second role is that vitamins and minerals promote the metabolism of nutrients. Children eat and absorb well thanks to metabolism.

Every parent wants their child to be healthy, smart, and not sick. The third role, micronutrients participate in the structure of enzymes, anti-oxidation. During Covid-19, adults and adults are vaccinated, but children are not. Therefore, to help children have good resistance, families need to provide enough vitamins and minerals for the baby.

Prof. TS.BS Le Bach Mai
Northern Medical Director, Nutrihome Nutrition Clinic System


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