15-day-old baby with chickenpox complications

HanoiA 15-day-old child developed blisters and blisters all over the body from day 9, rapid breathing, the doctor diagnosed respiratory failure, pneumonia caused by chickenpox.

Doctors at the National Children’s Hospital on February 27 said that her mother contracted chickenpox on the second day after giving birth. During the mother’s illness, the baby remained with her mother, until the condition worsened, she was transferred to the Neonatal Center, National Children’s Hospital for treatment.

Doctor Nguyen Thi Quynh Nga, Deputy Head of Department in charge of Special Treatment and Care Department 1 – Neonatal Center, said that the baby was hospitalized in a state of respiratory failure, the lungs on both sides were poorly ventilated, and the skin on the whole body was thick. dense vesicles, scattered pustules. Children were diagnosed with respiratory failure, neonatal infection, neonatal chickenpox. Doctors put the child on a ventilator to support breathing, drug treatment and intravenous antibiotics.

Fortunately, the child’s condition gradually stabilized, was awake, breathing on his own, the lungs on both sides were evenly ventilated.

Newborns with chickenpox complications of respiratory failure, severe pneumonia require mechanical ventilation. Photo: provided by the doctor

If the disease is not treated promptly and correctly, the child may experience dangerous complications such as respiratory failure, toxic septic shock, bacterial superinfection, neurological complications such as meningitis, myelitis, optic neuritis, polyneuritis. Some other complications such as adrenal failure, glomerulonephritis, eye damage, even death. The risk of infant mortality is increased when the mother develops symptoms of chickenpox from 5 days before birth to two days after birth because there is not enough time to form and pass on maternal antibodies to the baby.

3-6 months before pregnancy, mothers should schedule a chickenpox vaccination. Mothers with chickenpox must be isolated from their children until they are no longer able to infect their children, usually 2-3 weeks. Infants exposed (mother has chickenpox, child does not have chickenpox) or has chickenpox, still fed breast milk because antibodies in breast milk can effectively protect the baby. However, mothers need to pay attention to the risk of infection when expressing milk for babies who are not sick.

When a child shows signs of chickenpox, parents should not self-treat at home, but need to take the child to the hospital as soon as possible.

Thuy Quynh