People with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, drinking a lot of alcohol, being obese… have a high chance of having a stroke if they don’t control the disease or quit bad habits.
Although there is no way to be sure a person will have or will never have a stroke in their lifetime. However, there are signs that some people are at greater risk of a serious stroke that should not be taken lightly. In these cases, it is necessary to have a health checkup and to treat the underlying disease to avoid a sudden stroke.
High cholesterol is a common risk factor for stroke. Monitoring cholesterol levels regularly and keeping them within the normal range helps reduce the risk of stroke and other cardiovascular conditions. The optimal cholesterol level for both men and women over the age of 20 is 125 mg/dL to 200 mg/dL. Your doctor can guide you through a diet plan to help lower your cholesterol. In addition to diet, there are a number of factors that can affect cholesterol levels including genetics.
High blood pressure
Persistently high blood pressure (hypertension) is a risk factor for stroke. Hypertension is when the blood pressure measured in the clinic is greater than or equal to 140/90 mmHg. However, high blood pressure can be controlled with medication, diet, and lifestyle modifications such as reducing stress and not smoking. You should see your doctor to have your blood pressure monitored and take appropriate control measures. When blood pressure does not rise, that means a person can reduce the chance of having a stroke.
High blood sugar
Erratic, chronically elevated blood sugar or uncontrolled diabetes can damage blood vessels, increasing the risk of stroke. People who often have high blood sugar should be regularly monitored at home and treated through diet or medication if necessary. People with diabetes should control their blood sugar levels at 80-130 mg/dL on an empty stomach and below 180 mg/dL about 1-2 hours after eating.
Smoking and inhaling secondhand smoke can cause coronary heart disease and stroke. Smoking increases blood triglycerides, lowers good cholesterol (HDL), makes the blood sticky and more likely to clot, can interfere with blood flow to the heart and brain, increasing plaque buildup clinging, causing thickening and narrowing of blood vessels…
Smoking is a hard habit to break. However, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), quitting smoking is important for stroke prevention because this behavior significantly increases the risk of stroke and heart disease.
Do not exercise regularly
Many people are very lazy to exercise. Some only start exercising when they feel achy, but the activity is important for improving overall heart health, including reducing the risk of stroke. Whether you’re healthy or have had a major stroke, there are safe exercises to help keep your body healthy and reduce your risk or avoid a stroke again.
Drinking too much alcohol
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that the permissible amount of alcohol consumption is one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men. However, drinking more can increase blood pressure and triglycerides. This effect will contribute to atherosclerosis and increase the risk of stroke.
If you’re obese, you’re more likely to have other strokes and other health problems like high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Steps you can take to lose excess weight will reduce your risk of the disease. So you control your weight by starting to eat healthy and exercise more.
Do not use drugs
Most stroke risk factors from an underlying medical condition can be controlled, but patients must regularly take their medications, take them correctly, and get regular checkups. You should take care of and take care of your health because if the diseases are well controlled, the body can stay healthy and limit complications.
People with heart disease
If you have trouble breathing while walking, exertion, or if you have chest pain, you should seek medical attention. Heart disease is a major risk factor for stroke, and any form of chest pain is a cause for concern. Your doctor can help you determine the exact cause and get the right treatment to reduce heart disease and the risk of a stroke that can happen at any time.
Transient ischemic attack
Most people will not recognize a transient ischemic attack (TIA). You should take the time to learn the symptoms of a transient ischemic attack such as confusion, dizziness, double vision, memory loss, paralysis, problems speaking and swallowing, tingling, vision changes and difficulty walking. These symptoms usually go away in less than 10 minutes.
If you have any of these signs or symptoms, you need to see your doctor right away because a TIA is the biggest warning sign that a person is at risk of having a stroke.
(According to Verywell Health)